John Bastian

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BACKGROUND Treatment of acute Kawasaki syndrome with a four-day course of intravenous gamma globulin, together with aspirin, has been demonstrated to be safe and effective in preventing coronary-artery lesions and reducing systemic inflammation. We hypothesized that therapy with a single, very high dose of gamma globulin would be at least as effective as(More)
Golden color imparted by carotenoid pigments is the eponymous feature of the human pathogen Staphylococcus aureus. Here we demonstrate a role of this hallmark phenotype in virulence. Compared with the wild-type (WT) bacterium, a S. aureus mutant with disrupted carotenoid biosynthesis is more susceptible to oxidant killing, has impaired neutrophil survival,(More)
Tomisaku Kawasaki published the first English-language report of 50 patients with Kawasaki disease (KD) in 1974. Since that time, KD has become the leading cause of acquired heart disease among children in North America and Japan. Although an infectious agent is suspected, the cause remains unknown. However, significant progress has been made toward(More)
BACKGROUND Eosinophils are associated with airway remodeling in asthma, but studies have not yet determined whether eosinophilic esophagitis (EE) is associated with esophageal remodeling. OBJECTIVE We performed quantitative immunohistochemical analysis of remodeling changes in esophageal biopsy specimens from children with and without EE to evaluate if(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is caused by immunologic reactions to ingested/inhaled allergens. The diagnosis is considered if >or=15 eosinophils per high-powered field (eos/hpf) are detected in mucosal biopsies. Placebo-controlled studies have not been conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of oral viscous budesonide (OVB). (More)
In this paper we study large-scale optimization problems in multi-view geometry, in particular the Bundle Adjustment problem. In its conventional formulation, the complexity of existing solvers scale poorly with problem size, hence this component of the Structure-from-Motion pipeline can quickly become a bottle-neck. Here we present a novel formulation for(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the use of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha blockade for treatment of patients with Kawasaki syndrome (KS) who fail to become afebrile or who experience persistent arthritis after treatment with intravenous gamma globulin (IVIG) and high-dose aspirin. STUDY DESIGN Cases were retrospectively collected from clinicians throughout the(More)
Over a 3-year-period, standard treatment with hydrostatic pressure from a contrast enema failed to reduce ileocolic intussusception in 31 of 62 children. With the child anesthetized in the operating room, a second contrast enema was given before laparotomy. Of the 31 intussusceptions, 21 (68%) were reduced without complication, thereby avoiding the(More)
BACKGROUND A diagnosis of Kawasaki syndrome is based on clinical criteria with nonspecific laboratory findings, and there is a substantial risk of coronary artery aneurysms if treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin is delayed. In this study, we examined the contributions of sociodemographic factors and parent and physician behavior to the development of(More)