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Background: In 2004 the concept of evidence-based software engineering (EBSE) was introduced at the ICSE04 conference. Aims: This study assesses the impact of systematic literature reviews (SLRs) which are the recommended EBSE method for aggregating evidence. Method: We used the standard systematic literature review method employing a manual search of 10(More)
There is little empirical knowledge of the effectiveness of the object-oriented paradigm. To conduct a systematic review of the literature describing empirical studies of this paradigm. We undertook a Mapping Study of the literature. 138 papers have been identified and classified by topic, form of study involved, and source. The majority of empirical(More)
DESIGN Comparative study of pregnancy outcome for parturients who had stayed in an antenatal village and for those admitted directly from the community. SETTING A rural hospital in Zimbabwe. OUTCOME MEASURES Birthweight, perinatal mortality and degree of obstetrical intervention. RESULTS Women who stayed in the antenatal village experienced better(More)
The Arctic seafloor remains one of the last unexplored areas on Earth. Exploration of this unique environment using standard remotely operated oceanographic tools has been obstructed by the dense Arctic ice cover. In the summer of 2007 the Arctic Gakkel Vents Expedition (AGAVE) was conducted with the express intention of understanding aspects of the marine(More)
Figure 1: A typical deployment scenario for the AUV consisted of an open lead or pond into which the vehicle was released. The leads often contained large broken pieces of ice. The aerial view on the right shows a common case, in which the icebreaker (lower-right corner) copes with 90% or greater ice cover. The ship's trail of broken ice leads upward and to(More)
In today's fast paced world, it is necessary to process business documents expediently, accurately, and diligently. In other words, processing has to be fast, errors must be prevented (or caught and corrected quickly), and documents cannot be lost or misplaced. The failure to meet these criteria, depending on the type and purpose of the documents, can have(More)