John B Waldman

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Most studies of clinically relevant cerebral edema emphasize the effect of added tissue fluid in white matter on gross distortion with transtentorial and subfalcine brain herniation. Our recent studies on altered tissue fluid compartmentation in cerebral gray matter suggest that significant microdistortion of relationships of capillaries to subserved tissue(More)
OBJECT Infants with severe traumatic brain injury represent a therapeutic challenge. The internal absence of open space within the infant cranial vault makes volume increases poorly tolerated. This report presents 7 cases of decompressive craniectomy in infants with cerebral edema. METHODS The authors reviewed the medical charts of infants with brain(More)
OBJECT Nonaccidental trauma has become a leading cause of death in infants and toddlers. Compared with children suffering from accidental trauma, many children with nonaccidental trauma present with injuries requiring neurosurgical management and operative interventions. METHODS A retrospective review was performed concerning the clinical and radiological(More)
Identifying a source of spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) or intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in patients with negative results on cranial angiographic imaging can be a diagnostic challenge. The authors present the case of a 14-month-old girl who presented with lethargy and spontaneous SAH and IVH, and later became acutely paraplegic. Except for(More)
A 36-year-old woman presented with a 1-year history of headaches and increasing retroorbital pain on the right. Contrast-enhanced CT in axial and coronal planes showed a large low-density lesion in the skull base on the right (Figs. 1 A-1 C). This appeared as an expansile intradiploic cavity within the greater wing and body of the sphenoid, clivus, and(More)
Histochemical, electron microscopic, and morphometrical techniques were employed in the determination of the effects attributed to K+-induced cerebrocortical swelling on cat cerebrocortical capillary diameter, length, surface area, volume, and minimal intercapillary distance. Bilaterally exposed and intact temporoparietal cerebral cortices of 4 conditioned(More)
The intact cerebral cortices of cats were exposed in vivo under normothermic conditions and superfused with isotonic artificial cerebrospinal fluid containing added 0.125 mM adenosine. This resulted in chloridecation-rich cerebrocortical swelling which was shown by electron microscopy to be associated with an expanded astroglial compartment. The addition of(More)
OBJECT The authors studied factors influencing hospital profitability after craniotomy in patients who underwent craniotomy coded as diagnosis-related group (DRG) 1 (17 years of age with nontraumatic disease without complication) and who met their hospital's craniotomy pathway criteria and had a hospital length of stay 4 days or less during a 20-month(More)
Blunt and ischemic injuries of the brain have been shown to result in swelling that is predominantly limited to a single cell type, the astrocyte, within the complex cellular mosiac of cerebral gray matter. Evaluation of various diuretic (aryloxy)acetic acids in vitro using incubating cat brain slices and primary astrocyte cultures identified compounds with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Because there is considerable variation in practice patterns and outcomes for carotid endarterectomy (CE), there is a need to study the processes of care that are associated with adverse outcomes. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of processes of care and surgical specialty on adverse outcomes for CE. METHODS A(More)