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To investigate the contribution of leukotrienes (LTs) to inflammation and bronchoconstriction in nocturnal asthma, we performed a randomized trial in 12 asthmatic patients and 6 normal control subjects. This study involved pulmonary function testing, methacholine challenge, bronchoscopy for cell counts, LT and thromboxane (TX) levels in bronchoalveolar(More)
BACKGROUND Asthma is a heterogeneous process, yet little is understood regarding phenotypes. OBJECTIVE To determine whether phenotypic differences exist between early-onset, severe asthma as compared with late-onset disease and whether the presence or absence of eosinophilia influences the phenotypes. METHODS Cross-sectional analysis of integrated(More)
Chronic diseases may involve an "innate" response followed by an adaptive immune response, of a Th1 or Th2 variety. Little is known regarding the interactions of these responses. We hypothesized that TGF-beta1 (innate response factor associated with wound repair) in combination with IL-13 (Th2 factor) might augment inflammatory processes associated with(More)
BACKGROUND Airway remodeling may play an important role in asthma pathophysiology. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) has a critical role in the remodeling process. Although cellular sources for TGF-beta have been previously investigated in asthma airways, the expression, release, or both of TGF-beta from asthmatic airways and blood neutrophils has(More)
Severe asthma (SA) is a challenge to control, as patients are not responsive to high doses of systemic corticosteroids (CS). In contrast, mild-moderate asthma (MMA) is responsive to low doses of inhaled CS, indicating that Th2 cells, which are dominant in MMA, do not solely orchestrate SA development. Here, we analyzed broncholalveolar lavage cells isolated(More)
The mechanisms associated with the development of severe, corticosteroid (CS)-dependent asthma are poorly understood, but likely heterogenous. It was hypothesized that severe asthma could be divided pathologically into two inflammatory groups based on the presence or absence of eosinophils, and that the inflammatory subtype would be associated with distinct(More)
BACKGROUND Although 15(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15(S)-HETE), a product of 15-lipoxygenase (15-LO), may be involved in mild to moderate asthma, little is known about its potential roles in severe asthma. OBJECTIVES This study was performed to evaluate 15(S)-HETE levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from severe asthmatics with and without(More)
Epithelial 15-lipoxygenase 1 (15LO1) and activated ERK are increased in asthma despite modest elevations in IL-13. MAPK kinase (MEK)/ERK activation is regulated by interactions of Raf-1 with phosphatidylethanolamine-binding protein 1 (PEBP1). Epithelial 15LO1 generates intracellular 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15HETE) conjugated to(More)
BACKGROUND Nocturnal worsening of asthma is associated with an increase in numbers of airway inflammatory cells during the early morning. However, cell function during the night, with and without administration of steroids, has not been investigated. OBJECTIVE This study was designed to determine the effect of prednisone on pulmonary alveolar macrophage(More)
RATIONALE 15-Lipoxygenase-1 (15LO1) and MUC5AC are highly expressed in asthmatic epithelial cells. IL-13 is known to induce 15LO1 and MUC5AC in human airway epithelial cells in vitro. Whether 15LO1 and/or its product 15-HETE modulate MUC5AC expression is unknown. OBJECTIVES To determine the expression of 15LO1 in freshly harvested epithelial cells from(More)