John B. Stokes

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Regulation of renal Na(+) transport is essential for controlling blood pressure, as well as Na(+) and K(+) homeostasis. Aldosterone stimulates Na(+) reabsorption by the Na(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter (NCC) in the distal convoluted tubule (DCT) and by the epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) in the late DCT, connecting tubule, and collecting duct. Aldosterone(More)
The urinary bladder of the winter flounder absorbs NaCl by a process independent of the transepithelial voltage. In contrast to most other epithelia which have a neutral NaCl-absorptive system, the flounder bladder has a high transepithelial resistance. This feature simplifies analysis of the cellular transport system because the rate of ion transfer(More)
Dahl salt-sensitive (S) rats develop hypertension in response to a high-salt diet, whereas Dahl salt-resistant (R) rats do not. There is good evidence that the Dahl S kidneys have diminished natriuretic capacity. We studied the rate of Na+ transport by primary cultures of the inner medullary collecting duct from these two strains to determine whether there(More)
It is well established that the terminal renal collecting duct is capable of electrogenic Na+ absorption. The present experiments examined other active ion transport processes in primary cultures of the rat inner medullary collecting duct. When the amiloride analogue benzamil inhibited electrogenic Na+ absorption, cAMP agonists stimulated a transmonolayer(More)
H441 cells, a bronchiolar epithelial cell line, develop a glucocorticoid-regulated amiloride-sensitive Na(+) transport pathway on permeable supports (R. Sayegh, S. D. Auerbach, X. Li, R. Loftus, R. Husted, J. B. Stokes, and C. P. Thomas. J Biol Chem 274: 12431-12437, 1999). To understand its molecular basis, we examined the effect of glucocorticoids (GC) on(More)
The E3 ubiquitin ligase NEDD4-2 (encoded by the Nedd4L gene) regulates the amiloride-sensitive epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC/SCNN1) to mediate Na+ homeostasis. Mutations in the human β/γENaC subunits that block NEDD4-2 binding or constitutive ablation of exons 6-8 of Nedd4L in mice both result in salt-sensitive hypertension and elevated ENaC activity (Liddle(More)
Prior small studies have shown multiple benefits of frequent nocturnal hemodialysis compared to conventional three times per week treatments. To study this further, we randomized 87 patients to three times per week conventional hemodialysis or to nocturnal hemodialysis six times per week, all with single-use high-flux dialyzers. The 45 patients in the(More)
The present experiments were designed to examine the function of Na/K pumps from Dahl salt-sensitive (S) and salt-resistant (R) rats. Previous reports have suggested that there is a difference in primary sequence in the α1 subunit, the major Na/K pump isoform in the kidney. This sequence difference might contribute to differences in NaCl excretion in these(More)
In airway and renal epithelia, the glucocorticoid-mediated stimulation of amiloride-sensitive Na+ transport is associated with increased expression of the epithelial Na+ channel alpha subunit (alphaENaC). In H441 lung cells, 100 nM dexamethasone increases amiloride-sensitive short-circuit current (3.3 microA/cm2 to 7.5 microA/cm2), correlating with a 5-fold(More)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) remains a complex clinical problem associated with significant short-term morbidity and mortality and lacking effective pharmacologic interventions. Patients with AKI experience longer-term risks for progressive chronic ESRD, which diminish patients' health-related quality of life and create a larger burden on the healthcare(More)