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Basal ganglia disorders are a heterogeneous group of clinical syndromes with a common anatomic locus within the basal ganglia. To account for the variety of clinical manifestations associated with insults to various parts of the basal ganglia we propose a model in which specific types of basal ganglia disorders are associated with changes in the function of(More)
We compared the number of CAG repeats, the age at death, and the severity of neuropathology in 89 Huntington's disease brains. We found a linear correlation between the CAG repeat number and the quotient of the degree of atrophy in the striatum (the brain region most severely affected in Huntington's disease) divided by age at death, with an intercept at(More)
The anatomical distributions and affinity states of dopamine D1 and D2 receptors were compared in the rat central nervous system using quantitative autoradiography. [3H]SCH23390 and [3H]spiperone (in the presence of 100 nM mianserin) were used to label the D1 and D2 receptors, respectively. The densities of D1 and D2 receptors displayed a positive(More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) couple the actions of glutamate to intracellular second messenger systems through G-proteins. The mGluRs play an important role in the regulation of basal ganglia function. Ligand binding studies have revealed that the basal ganglia contain at least two pharmacological types of metabotropic binding sites. Agonists(More)
Huntington disease (HD) is characterized by the loss of striatal projection neurons, which constitute the vast majority of striatal neurons. To determine whether there is differential loss among different populations of striatal projection neurons, the integrity of the axon terminal plexuses arising from the different populations of substance P-containing(More)
Loss of neurotransmitter receptors, especially glutamate and dopamine receptors, is one of the pathologic hallmarks of brains of patients with Huntington disease (HD). Transgenic mice that express exon 1 of an abnormal human HD gene (line R6/2) develop neurologic symptoms at 9-11 weeks of age through an unknown mechanism. Analysis of glutamate receptors(More)
[3H]GABA quantitative autoradiography was used to examine the binding kinetics and regional distribution of GABAB receptors in rat brain. The regional distribution was compared to that of GABAA receptors. At 4 degrees C, [3H]GABA binding to GABAB receptors reached equilibrium within 45 min. The association and dissociation rate constants for GABAB binding(More)
The distribution and density of dopamine D-1 and D-2 receptors were studied in the basal ganglia of adult turtles, pigeons, rats, cats, and monkeys. Dopamine receptors were measured in vitro by quantitative autoradiography in alternate sections processed for D-1 and D-2 receptor subtypes and compared to adjacent sections stained for acetylcholinesterase(More)
Glutamate is an important neurotransmitter in the circuitry of the basal ganglia. Of the four pharmacological classes of receptors that may mediate the actions of glutamate, the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) type is of particular interest insofar as it has been implicated in the neural processes underlying long-term synaptic plasticity as well as excitotoxic(More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) have been implicated in a number of hippocampal functions including learning and memory. Five subtypes have been molecularly and pharmacologically characterized. Using in situ hybridization with oligonucleotide probes selective for these five mGluRs, we have found that each has a unique pattern of expression in the(More)