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Neuropathic pain arises as a debilitating consequence of nerve injury. The etiology of such pain is poorly understood, and existing treatment is largely ineffective. We demonstrate here that glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) both prevented and reversed sensory abnormalities that developed in neuropathic pain models, without affecting(More)
Membrane electrical properties [time constant, action potential afterhyperpolarization (AHP), rheobase, input resistance, and axonal conduction velocity] were measured in motoneurons of cat medial gastrocnemius (MG) motor units. Motor units were classified on the basis of their mechanical responses as fast twitch, fast fatiguing (FF); fast twitch with(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest that neurotrophin administration may be of some therapeutic benefit in the treatment of peripheral neuropathy. However, a third of sensory neurons do not express receptors for the neurotrophins. These neurons are of small diameter and can be identified by the binding of the lectin IB4 and the expression of the enzyme(More)
Conditioning injury to adult mammalian sensory neurons enhances their regeneration potential. Here we show that leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is a fundamental component of the conditioning response. Conditioning injury in vivo significantly increases the intrinsic growth capacity of sensory neurons in vitro from LIF+/+ mice. This conditioning effect is(More)
We have tested the ability of neurotrophins to reverse axotomy-induced changes in adult motor and sensory neurons, using the physiological measure of conduction velocity. Five weeks after axotomy, sensory and motor conduction velocities were greatly reduced. NT-3 at 60 microg/d, pumped directly onto the cut nerve stump, largely prevented the change in(More)
1. Electrical potentials in the cat lumbosacral spinal cord evoked by the action of single medial gastrocnemius Ia afferent fibres were recorded using low impedance, bevelled micropipette electrodes and the spike triggered averaging technique. 2. Axonal potentials from the Ia fibres recorded extracellularly appeared as brief triphasic predominantly negative(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that functional connection to muscle is necessary for expression of normal motoneuron electrical properties. Also examined was the time course of self-reinnervation. Properties of individual medial gastrocnemius (MG) motor units were examined following section and reanastomosis of the MG nerve. Stages examined were 3-5 wk(More)
Experiments were addressed to the following questions: when a muscle nerve is sectioned and regenerates to what extent are muscle receptors (spindles and tendon organs) reinnervated? is the reinnervation specific? that is, do group Ia and spindle group II fibres preferentially reinnervate spindles and do group Ib fibres preferentially reinnervate tendon(More)
1. In this study we describe application of high-frequency stimulation to the group Ia afferent-to-motoneuron synapse of cats to determine the extent to which regeneration of axotomized muscle afferents and motoneurons into skin or into muscle rescues their ability to generate excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs). 2. The medial gastrocnemius (MG)(More)