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Antibodies against the T3-antigen receptor complex can activate the human T cell line, Jurkat, to produce interleukin 2 (2-5). This activation is initiated by a receptor-mediated increase in the concentration of free cytoplasmic calcium ions [Ca2+]i (3, 4). In this communication, we investigate the mechanism by which the receptor complex increases [Ca2+ )i(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammatory polyarthritis whose etiology remains uncertain. Recently we have learned that autoimmunity to citrullinated protein antigens has specificity for rheumatoid arthritis and defines a clinically and genetically distinct form of the disease. Multiple genes contribute to disease susceptibility, with the HLA locus(More)
A monoclonal antibody to the antigen-receptor on the T cell line Jurkat induces substantial increases in [Ca++]i. Ca++ ionophores can substitute for this antibody in activation by increasing [Ca++]i to levels comparable with those seen with the antigen-receptor antibody. Stimulation with either the antigen-receptor antibody or a Ca++ ionophore leads to the(More)
Phorbol esters, such as phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), are known to be potent co-stimulants with calcium ionophores for activation of T lymphocytes. The most extensively studied intracellular effect of PMA is its ability to activate the cytoplasmic enzyme protein kinase C (pkC). Herein, we examined the role of pkC activation during T cell activation.(More)
In addition to the T3/antigen receptor complex (T3/Ti), other T cell surface molecules participate in early events involved in human T cell activation. In this report we document that monoclonal antibody 9.3, which recognizes a 90,000 dalton homodimer expressed on human T cells, synergizes with ligands reacting with T3/Ti to activate purified T cells and(More)
The MRC OX-44 molecule, which is expressed on all peripheral leukocytes, identifies the subset of thymocytes capable of proliferating in response to alloantigens and lectins (Paterson, D.J., J.R. Green, W.A. Jefferies, M. Puklavec, and A.F. Williams. 1987. J. Exp. Med. 165:1). When we isolated monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) on the basis of their ability to(More)
Signal transduction by the T-cell antigen receptor involves the turnover of polyphosphoinositides and an increase in the concentration of cytoplasmic free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i). This increase in [Ca2+]i is due initially to the release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores, but is sustained by the influx of extracellular Ca2+. To examine the regulation of sustained(More)
The CD28 homodimer is thought to function as a signal transducing receptor during activation of T cells. Evidence is presented that the degree of aggregation of CD28 on the cell surface regulates two distinct CD28-associated signals. Binding of bivalent CD28 monoclonal antibody (MoAb) 9.3 upregulates lymphokine production by messenger RNA (mRNA)(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between functional limitation, socioeconomic inequality, and depression in a diverse cohort of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS The study design was cross-sectional and subjects were from the University of California, San Francisco RA Cohort. Patients were enrolled from 2 rheumatology clinics, an urban(More)
Similarities between the inflammatory pathways in atherosclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are striking. Chronic systemic inflammation in RA patients leads to cardiovascular (CV) events beyond traditional cardiac risk factors. Clinicians typically focus on treating the joint manifestations of RA while neglecting to eliminate systemic inflammation,(More)