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PURPOSE Thy1 is a surface glycoprotein uniquely expressed in retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in retina. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression change of Thy1 in a model of experimental glaucoma. METHODS The change of protein and mRNA levels of Thy1 in the retina were studied using stereological counts of back-labeled RGCs, Western blot(More)
In glaucoma, retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) die by apoptosis, generally attributed to an elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). We now describe the impact of elevated IOP in the rat on expression of caspase 8 and caspase 9, initiators of the extrinsic and intrinsic caspase cascades, respectively. Activation of both caspases was demonstrated by the presence of(More)
Increased intraocular pressure (IOP) leads, by an unknown mechanism, to apoptotic retinal ganglion cell (RGC) death in glaucoma. We now report cleavage of the autoinhibitory domain of the protein phosphatase calcineurin (CaN) in two rodent models of increased IOP. Cleaved CaN was not detected in rat or mouse eyes with normal IOP. In in vitro systems, this(More)
Retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) are the only output neurons of the retina, and their degeneration after damage to the optic nerve or in glaucoma is a well established system for studying apoptosis in the central nervous system. Frequently used procedures for assessing RGC number in retinal flat mounts suffer from two problems: RGC densities are not uniform(More)
PURPOSE Glaucoma is a neurodegenerative disease in which elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) leads to progressive loss of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) and blindness. Calcium dyshomeostasis has been suggested to play a role in the pathologic events that lead to RGC loss, though the details of these events are not well understood. Calcium-induced activation(More)
PURPOSE The role of heat shock proteins (Hsp) in injury response has been well established, but it is now becoming apparent that the phosphorylation state of Hsp27 may be a critical determinant of its ability to act in a protective capacity. In this study, the expression of Hsp27 and its phosphorylation were evaluated in an experimental glaucoma model in(More)
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