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Improved phylogenies and the accumulation of broad comparative data sets have opened the way for phylogenetic analyses to trace trait evolution in major groups of organisms. We arrayed seed mass data for 12,987 species on the seed plant phylogeny and show the history of seed size from the emergence of the angiosperms through to the present day. The largest(More)
We used correlated divergence analysis to determine which factors have been most closely associated with changes in seed mass during seed plant evolution. We found that divergences in seed mass have been more consistently associated with divergences in growth form than with divergences in any other variable. This finding is consistent with the strong(More)
Earth is home to a remarkable diversity of plant forms and life histories, yet comparatively few essential trait combinations have proved evolutionarily viable in today's terrestrial biosphere. By analysing worldwide variation in six major traits critical to growth, survival and reproduction within the largest sample of vascular plant species ever compiled,(More)
Given the widespread belief that the conservation of palms, especially the large-trunked species, is only accomplished throughin situ preservation or in plantations, this paper explores the feasibility of a third approach, i.e. cryogenic preservation of their seedsex situ. Seeds of the following palm species were subjected to air-drying to assess their(More)
Previous investigators have identified strong positive relationships between genome size and seed mass within species, and across species from the same genus and family. Here, we make the first broad-scale quantification of this relationship, using data for 1222 species, from 139 families and 48 orders. We analyzed the relationship between genome size and(More)
Question: Are plant traits more closely correlated with mean annual temperature , or with mean annual precipitation? Methods: We quantified the strength of the relationships between temperature and precipitation and 21 plant traits from 447,961 species-site combinations worldwide. We used meta-analysis to provide an overall answer to our question. Results:(More)
Aim Functional traits of organisms are key to understanding and predicting biodiversity and ecological change, which motivates continuous collection of traits and their integration into global databases. Such trait matrices are inherently sparse, severely limiting their usefulness for further analyses. On the other hand, traits are characterized by the(More)
Abbreviations SLA = Specific leaf area; CWM = community-weighted mean; N mass = leaf nitrogen per unit mass; A area = maximum leaf photosynthesis rate per unit area; NE = na€ ıve estimate; BCE = bias-corrected estimate. Abstract Aim: Do plant trait databases represent a biased sample of species, and if so, can that bias be corrected? Ecologists are(More)
Ex situ conservation efforts such as those of zoos, botanical gardens, and seed banks will form a vital complement to in situ conservation actions over the coming decades. It is therefore necessary to pay the same attention to the biological diversity represented in ex situ conservation facilities as is often paid to protected-area networks. Building the(More)
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