John Arquilla

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Editors’ abstract. As with other new modes of conflict, the practice of netwar is ahead of theory. In this concluding chapter, we suggest how the theory of netwar may be improved by drawing upon academic perspectives on networks, especially those devoted to organizational network analysis. Meanwhile, strategists and policymakers in Washington, and(More)
War forms an integral part of the history of mankind, alternately driving civilization forward, then imperiling it. A natural ambivalence toward war has thus developed, with its acceptance as a necessary evil tempered by vigorous, sustained efforts to control its frequency and intensity. Thus, from the dawn of the recorded history of conflict, attempts have(More)
Netwar is an emerging mode of conflict in which the protagonists ranging from terrorist and criminal organizations on the dark side, to militant social activists on the bright side use network forms of organization, doctrine, strategy, and technology attuned to the information age. The practice of netwar is well ahead of theory, as both civil and uncivil(More)
The rise of network forms of organization is a key consequence of the ongoing information revolution. Business organizations are being newly energized by networking, and many professional militaries are experimenting with flatter forms of organization. In this chapter, we explore the impact of networks on terrorist capabilities, and consider how this(More)
In our view, the information-age conflict spectrum looks like this: What we term “cyberwar” will be an ever-more-important entry at the military end, where the language is normally about high-intensity conflict (HIC) and middle-range conflict (MRC). “Netwar” will figure increasingly at the societal end, where the language is normally about low-intensity(More)
Look around. No “good old-fashioned war” is in sight. There are a few possibilities—for example, on the Korean peninsula; or between China and Taiwan; or India and Pakistan; and, as usual, in the Middle East—but these do not seem imminent. Moreover, the most recent war, the Gulf War of 1990–1991, reflected the advent of the “revolution in military affairs”(More)
Editors’ abstract. Social netwar is more effective the more democratic the setting. We condense this chapter from our earlier RAND book, The Zapatista Social Netwar in Mexico (1998). The case shows how the Zapatista movement put the Mexican government on the defensive during 1994–1998, a time when Mexico was evolving from an authoritarian to a more open,(More)
The information revolution has fostered the rise of new ways of waging war, generally by means of cyberspace-based attacks on the infrastructures upon which modern societies increasingly depend. This new way of war is primarily disruptive, rather than destructive; and its low “barriers to entry” make it possible for individuals and groups (not just(More)
Disclaimer This study was prepared for the Defense Intelligence Agency and produced at the Naval Postgraduate School. The views expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy or position of the United States Navy, Defense Intelligence Agency, the Department of Defense, or the United States government. This book is(More)