John Anthony Rudd

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The role of miR-124 on the expression of β-site APP cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1), an important cleavager of amyloid precursor protein that plays a pivotal role in the β-amyloid production, was studied in this paper using cellular models for Alzheimer' disease (AD) of cultured PC12 cell lines and primary cultured hippocampal neurons. The aim of the present(More)
Nausea and vomiting are among the most common symptoms encountered in medicine as either symptoms of disease or side effects of treatments. Developing novel anti-emetics and identifying emetic liability in novel chemical entities rely on models that can recreate the complexity of these multi-system reflexes. Animal models (especially the ferret and dog) are(More)
Ondansetron (1-3 mg/kg), granisetron (0.3-1 mg/kg) and dexamethasone (0.3-1 mg/kg), administered at 12-h intervals, were investigated for their potential to prevent cisplatin (30 mg/kg, i.p.)-induced emesis during a 72-h observation period. Ondansetron appeared more active than granisetron to antagonise the emetic response occurring in the first 4-h(More)
The ability of cisplatin to induce acute (0-24 h) and delayed (24-48 and 48-72 h) phases of kaolin ingestion (pica) was investigated in the rat. Cisplatin 3 mg/kg, i.p., induced kaolin consumption during the 0-24- (P<0.001) and 48-72-h (P<0.05) periods that was antagonised by dexamethasone 1 mg/kg, i.p., administered every 12 h alone or in combination with(More)
The ability of fentanyl to inhibit drug-induced emesis was investigated in the ferret. Initial studies established that morphine, in small doses (0.025-0.5 mg/kg s.c.), induced emesis in the ferret that decreased at the larger doses of 1 and 2 mg/kg (s.c.). Fentanyl (10-80 micrograms/kg s.c.) failed to induce emesis but in this dose range prevented the(More)
Nausea and vomiting induced by chemotherapy is a variable response related to the nature and intensity of treatment and patient susceptility. The mechanism whereby chemotherapy evokes nausea and vomiting is uncertain but recently, the ability of 5-HT3 receptor antagonists to antagonise chemotherapy induced emesis in animals (Costall et al., 1986; Miner &(More)
The emetic profile of action of cisplatin 5 and 10 mg/kg i.p. was investigated in the ferret over a 72 and 24 hr period respectively. The 5-HT3 receptor antagonists ondansetron and alosetron markedly antagonized or abolished the emesis during the "acute phase" and, whilst antagonizing the emesis during the delayed phase, also revealed a 5-HT3 receptor(More)
Emesis may be modulated via multiple mechanisms. The actions of ghrelin suggest an ability to couple an induction of hunger with preparation of the stomach for ingestion of food. Such a process might reduce any tendency to vomit, so an anti-emetic activity of ghrelin was investigated in the ferret cisplatin-induced emesis model. In controls,(More)
The intravenous injection of cisplatin (10 mg/kg), the subcutaneous injection of apomorphine (0.125-1 mg/kg) and lisuride (0.001-0.1 mg/kg), the oral administration of ipecacuanha (0.3-2.4 mg/kg) and the intragastric administration of copper sulphate (25-100 mg/kg), induced a vomiting and retching response in the ferret. Pretreatment with dl-fenfluramine (5(More)
The emetic profile of action of cisplatin 5 and 10 mg/kg i.p. was investigated in the ferret over a 72 and 40 h period respectively. Cisplatin 10 mg/kg induced retching and vomiting which rapidly declined after the first 8 h. Cisplatin 5 mg/kg induced a less intense emetic response which declined after 16 h but reappeared at approximately 32 h to reveal a(More)