John Andrew Kiger

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Cyclic AMP is an intracellular mediator ('second messenger') in the nervous and endocrine control of cellular function, regulating different processes in different cell types. Although evidence is incomplete, it seems that cyclic AMP enhances the calcium-mediated release of neurotransmitter in some neurones. A simple form of memory in the mollusc Aplysia is(More)
Ethanol has complex but similar effects on behavior in mammals and the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. In addition, genetic and pharmacological approaches have implicated the cAMP pathway in the regulation of ethanol-induced behaviors in both flies and rodents. Here we examine the neuroanatomical loci that modulate ethanol sensitivity in Drosophila by(More)
The final step in morphogenesis of the adult fly is wing maturation, a process not well understood at the cellular level due to the impermeable and refractive nature of cuticle synthesized some 30 h prior to eclosion from the pupal case. Advances in GFP technology now make it possible to visualize cells using fluorescence after cuticle synthesis is(More)
The dunce gene of Drosophila melanogaster encodes a cAMP-specific phosphodiesterase (form II). Mutant dunce flies have elevated levels of cAMP and exhibit a number of defects including learning deficiencies and female sterility. Two partial suppressors of the female sterility phenotype have been selected in an X chromosome containing a dunce null mutation.(More)
The cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP phosphodiesterase activities present in flies of six mutant strains of the dunce gene and in the parent wild-type strains are characterized. All of the mutants exhibit aberrant cyclic AMP metabolism. The mutant strains dunceM14, dunceM11, and dunceML appear to be amorphic, because they completely lack the cAMP-specific(More)
We have initiated an analysis of protein kinase A (PKA) in Drosophila using transgenic techniques to modulate PKA activity in specific tissues during development. We have constructed GAL4/UAS-regulated transgenes in active and mutant forms that encode PKAc, the catalytic subunit of PKA, and PKI(1-31), a competitive inhibitor of PKAc. We present evidence(More)
Following eclosion from the pupal case, wings of the immature adult fly unfold and expand to present a flat wing blade. During expansion the epithelia, which earlier produced the wing cuticle, delaminate from the cuticle, and the epithelial cells undergo an epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The resulting fibroblast-like cells then initiate a(More)
A study of Drosophila nullosomic for chromomere 3D4 shows that this region of the genome is necessary for male fertility, normal female fertility and normal oogenesis. Males nullosomic for 3D4 lack normal, motile sperm. Females nullosomic for this region exert a maternal influence on their progeny which results in a diversity of imaginal defects. The(More)