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Interest in the study of mitochondria has undergone a revival. The term mitochondrial medicine developed around evidence pointing to the mitochondria as a logical target for therapy. This article reviews the normal functions of mitochondria and integration of mitochondrial processes in cells. Changes in mitochondria that occur in ischemia and reperfusion,(More)
Right ventricular (RV) dysfunction contributes to poor clinical prognosis after pulmonary embolism (PE). The present studies evaluate the effects of angiotensin (1-7) (ANG (1-7)) upon RV function during experimental PE in rats. Circulating ANG II increased 8-fold 6 hr after PE (47±13 PE vs. 6±3 pg/mL, control, p<0.05). ACE2 protein was uniformly localized(More)
The relations between ATP depletion, increased cytosolic free calcium concentration [( Cai]), contracture development, and lethal myocardial ischemic injury, as evaluated by enzyme release, were examined using 19F nuclear magnetic resonance to measure [Cai] in 1,2-bis(2-amino-5-fluorophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid (5F-BAPTA)-loaded perfused rat(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was undertaken to examine in-situ heart function and metabolism during insulin treatment of verapamil-induced cardiogenic shock in awake canines. METHODS Twenty mongrel canines were instrumented to monitor myocardial substrate uptakes (glucose, lactate, free fatty acids, oxygen [MVO2]), as well as ventricular (LV) end-systolic(More)
UNLABELLED Delayed neurologic sequelae occur in up to 40% of severe carbon monoxide (CO) poisonings. Conflicting clinical data support the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy in the acute treatment of CO poisoning. OBJECTIVE To determine whether oxygen therapy reduces neurologic sequelae after CO poisoning in mice. METHODS Male Swiss-Webster(More)
Resuscitation with crystalloid and packed red blood cells has for the most part replaced the use of plasma and whole blood in the initial treatment of hemorrhagic shock. The effects of such changes on cardiovascular function following hemorrhagic shock remain largely unexplored. We examined cardiovascular function in anesthetized canines subjected to severe(More)
Verapamil poisoning is known to produce hyperglycemia and metabolic acidosis in humans. The purpose of this study was to elucidate mechanisms of verapamil-induced hyperglycemia in awake dogs. Mongrel canines were chronically instrumented to permit studies in the conscious state. In six healthy dogs, steady-state glucose infusion requirement after 1 hr of(More)
Verapamil produces comparatively greater in vivo left ventricular (LV) depression than other calcium channel antagonists produce, possibly because of myocardial metabolic derangements in addition to L-channel antagonism. Therefore, we studied myocardial lipid and carbohydrate usage and the effect of insulin treatment during progressive verapamil toxicity.(More)
Heparin reduces ischemia-reperfusion injury to myocardium. This effect has been attributed to complement inhibition, but heparin also has other activities that might diminish ischemia-reperfusion. To further probe these mechanisms, we compared heparin or an o-desulfated nonanticoagulant heparin with greatly reduced anticomplement activity. When given at the(More)
Pulmonary thromboembolism (PEm) is a serious and life threatening disease and the most common cause of acute pulmonary vascular occlusion. Even following successful treatment of PEm, many patients experience long-term disability due to diminished heart and lung function. Considerable damage to the lungs presumably occurs due to reperfusion injury following(More)