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Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety-spectrum disorder characterized by persistent intrusive thoughts (obsessions) and repetitive actions (compulsions). Dysfunction of cortico-striato-thalamo-cortical circuitry is implicated in OCD, although the underlying pathogenic mechanisms are unknown. SAP90/PSD95-associated protein 3 (SAPAP3; also known(More)
Silent synapses, or excitatory synapses that lack functional alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid receptors (AMPARs), are thought to be critical for regulation of neuronal circuits and synaptic plasticity. Here, we report that SynGAP, an excitatory synapse-specific RasGAP, regulates AMPAR trafficking, silent synapse number, and(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) is recognized as a common complication of open cardiac surgery, occurring in up to 65% of patients. The advancing age and increasing risk profile of patients receiving aortic valve replacement (AVR) surgery is expected to raise incidence of new-onset postoperative AF resulting in potentially higher risk of adverse(More)
Synaptic long-term potentiation is maintained through gene transcription, but how the nucleus is recruited remains controversial. Activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) 1 and 2 with synaptic stimulation has been shown to require NMDA receptors (NMDARs), yet stimulation intensities sufficient to recruit action potentials (APs) also(More)
New mRNA must be transcribed in order to consolidate changes in synaptic strength. But how are events at the synapse communicated to the nucleus? Some research has shown that proteins can move from activated synapses to the nucleus. However, other work has shown that action potentials can directly inform the nucleus about cellular activation. Here we(More)
This paper describes an upgrade to network functionality aimed at the support of a mass-market home-based supply of QoSsensitive content. We describe a new protocol that deals with congestion conditions that may arise when too many simultaneous QoS-sensitive flows compete for bandwidth at a network link. It provides a solution to enable certain flows to be(More)
A study of di erent classes of controllers for mechanisms under the in uence of low velocity friction is conducted. Many methods are proposed in the literature for friction compensation, but there has been no signi cant analysis of these methods with respect to each other. Also lacking in the literature is some form of categorization, under which it is(More)
Consolidation of synaptic plasticity seems to require transcription, but how the nucleus is informed in this context remains unknown. As NMDA receptor antagonists have been shown to interfere with action potential generation, the issue of whether or not a synaptically generated signal is required for nuclear signaling is currently unresolved. Here, we show(More)