John A. Wolf

Learn More
Although axonal injury is a common feature of brain trauma, little is known of the immediate morphological responses of individual axons to mechanical injury. Here, we developed an in vitro model system that selectively stretches axons bridging two populations of human neurons derived from the cell line N-Tera2. We found that these axons demonstrated a(More)
Dopaminergic modulation produces a variety of functional changes in the principal cell of the striatum, the medium spiny neuron (MSN). Using a 189-compartment computational model of a ventral striatal MSN, we simulated whole cell D1- and D2-receptor-mediated modulation of both intrinsic (sodium, calcium, and potassium) and synaptic currents (AMPA and NMDA).(More)
Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is one of the most common and important pathologies resulting from the mechanical deformation of the brain during trauma. It has been hypothesized that calcium influx into axons plays a major role in the pathophysiology of DAI. However, there is little direct evidence to support this hypothesis, and mechanisms of potential(More)
Stable brain function relies on homeostatic maintenance of the functional output of individual neurons. In general, neurons function by converting synaptic input to output as action potential firing. To determine homeostatic mechanisms that balance this input-output/synapse-membrane interaction, we focused on nucleus accumbens (NAc) neurons and demonstrated(More)
We describe a computational model of the principal cell in the nucleus accumbens (NAcb), the medium spiny projection (MSP) neuron. The model neuron, constructed in NEURON, includes all of the known ionic currents in these cells and receives synaptic input from simulated spike trains via NMDA, AMPA, and GABAA receptors. After tuning the model by adjusting(More)
Although atrophic changes have been well described following traumatic brain injury (TBI) in humans, little is known concerning the mechanisms or progression of brain tissue loss. In the present study, we evaluated the temporal profile of histopathological changes following parasagittal fluid-percussion (FP) brain injury in rats over 1 year postinjury.(More)
We demonstrated previously that dynamic stretch injury of cultured axons induces structural changes and Ca2+ influx modulated by tetrodotoxin (TTX)-sensitive voltage-gated sodium channels (NaChs). In the present study, we evaluated potential damage to the NaCh alpha-subunit, which can cause noninactivation of NaChs. In addition, we explored the effects of(More)
Brain trauma in humans increases the risk for developing Alzheimer disease (AD) and may induce the acute formation of AD-like plaques containing amyloid beta (A beta). To further explore the potential link between brain trauma and neurodegeneration, we conducted neuropathological studies using a pig model of diffuse brain injury. Brain injury was induced in(More)
Although a primary strategy to repair spinal cord and other nerve injuries is to bridge the damage with axons, producing axons of sufficient length and number has posed a significant challenge. Here, we explored the ability of integrated central nervous system (CNS) axons to grow long distances in response to continuous mechanical tension. Neurons were(More)
We use a new in vitro model to examine the effect of mechanical deformation on neurons. We examined acute changes in cytosolic calcium concentrations ([Ca(2+)](i)) caused by a rapid stretch of cultured hippocampal neurons, using mechanical loading conditions that mimic brain deformations during trauma. We found that stretch-injury of neurons induces a(More)