John A Trinder

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While there is a developing understanding of the influence of sleep on cardiovascular autonomic activity in humans, there remain unresolved issues. In particular, the effect of time within the sleep period, independent of sleep stage, has not been investigated. Further, the influence of sleep on central sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity is uncertain(More)
To assess the separate contributions of the sleep and circadian systems to changes in cardiac autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity, 12 supine subjects participated in two 26-h constant routines, which were counterbalanced and separated by 1 wk. One routine did not permit sleep, whereas the second allowed the subjects to sleep during their normal sleep(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES This study investigated whether there was a relationship between disrupted sleep and postpartum mood disturbances in women during the week after delivery. DESIGN Sleep and mood were measured during the third trimester (Time-1) and one week postpartum (Time-2) in a 2-stage longitudinal design. SETTING Participants were recruited from an(More)
A common clinical dilemma faced by sleep physicians is in deciding the level of severity at which patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) should be treated. There is particular uncertainty about the need for, and the effectiveness of, treatment in mild cases. To help define the role of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment in mild(More)
The sensitivity and specificity of four self-report measures of disordered sleep - the Sleep Impairment Index (SII), the Sleep Disorders Questionnaire (SDQ), the Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes About Sleep Scale (DBAS) and the Sleep-Wake Activity Inventory (SWAI) - were compared in subjects with insomnia and normal sleep. Nineteen young adult subjects(More)
One postulated mechanism for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is insufficient drive to the upper-airway musculature during sleep, with increased (compensatory) drive during wakefulness. This generates more electromyographic activity in upper airway muscles including genioglossus. To understand drives to upper airway muscles, we recorded single motor unit(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To determine whether K-complex production is better interpreted as being an arousal response or reflective of a sleep protective micro-state. DESIGN A 3-night study--night 1 as a baseline night, night 2 as a sleep fragmentation night, followed immediately by night 3 as a recovery night. On nights 1 and 3, approximately 400 auditory(More)
A tongue muscle, the genioglossus (GG), is important in maintaining pharyngeal airway patency. Previous recordings of multiunit electromyogram (EMG) suggest it is activated during inspiration in humans with some tonic activity in expiration. We recorded from populations of single motor units in GG in seven subjects during quiet breathing when awake.(More)
OBJECTIVES Despite a relatively large body of literature describing the characteristics of sleep spindles and K-complexes in young adults, relatively little research has been conducted in older individuals. The general consensus from the few studies that have addressed this issue is that there is a progressive decrease in the number of spindles and(More)