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We describe the morphologic changes that follow division of the transverse carpal ligament in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome. Fifteen hands in 12 patients with carpal tunnel syndrome were studied with magnetic resonance imaging before operation and for 6 weeks after operation. Eight hands were studied at 8 months after operation. Carpal arch width,(More)
Three-dimensional computer reconstruction of magnetic resonance images (MRI) of ten cadaveric specimens was used to determine carpal tunnel volume and carpal arch width. Magnetic resonance images-acquired data were compared with direct measurement of cadaveric carpal canal volume by means of a silicone-injection technique. Mean MRI three-dimensional(More)
Eleven patients who had a femoral component inserted with cement and twenty-three who had a femoral component inserted without cement were studied prospectively for changes in the pulmonary shunt associated with total hip replacement. The levels of oxygen in the arterial blood and the platelet counts were measured preoperatively and each morning for three(More)
In a prospective study, 87 carpal and digital ganglions were aspirated, multiply punctured, and digitally ruptured. Fifty percent of wrists and digits were immobilized for 3 weeks and 50% were mobilized early. Mean follow-up was 22 months. Thirty-six percent (31/87) of all ganglions treated showed a successful outcome. Twenty-seven percent (16/60) of dorsal(More)
Thirty tibial tubercle osteotomies were performed to obtain exposure and facilitate patellar tracking in 29 patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty. The thickness and width of the bone fragment were gradually tapered from proximal to distal. Fixation was obtained with three or four titanium screws. Average follow-up period was 18 months. Twenty-nine(More)
The authors previously predicted the failure of posterior cervical fusions utilizing methylmethacrylate cement as an instantaneous "fusion" mass, based on research using an in vitro canine experimental model. This report describes the results of in vivo canine studies on the same subject. Three groups of dogs had application of a posterior C4-C5 20-gauge(More)
The halo vest is considered by us, as well as by the majority of orthopaedic surgeons, to be the best commercially available orthosis for control of the cervical spine. However, we have seen five patients with posterior ligament injury of the neck who sustained a recurrence of facet dislocation or subluxation while in a halo vest.
Thirty patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty and 18 patients with medically treated arthritis participated in this study. Both groups of patients underwent a cardiovascular fitness exercise test on entering the study and 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years later. Fitness was assessed by patient performance on a graded maximal exercise test using a bicycle(More)
Patients who have osteoarthrosis involving weight-bearing joints typically have a gradual decline in physical activity, which is often associated with cardiovascular deconditioning. After joint replacement, many patients resume routine walking and recreational activities, which may improve aerobic capacity. The purpose of the present study was to determine(More)
Twenty-eight patients who underwent unilateral total knee arthroplasty and 20 patients who underwent simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasties participated in this study and were randomized to have either a fluted or round 10-mm diameter femoral intramedullary alignment rod used during surgery. The intramedullary rods were cannulated and connected(More)