John A. Milberg

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To further understanding of the epidemiology of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), we prospectively identified 695 patients admitted to our intensive care units from 1983 through 1985 meeting criteria for seven clinical risks, and followed them for development of ARDS and eventual outcome. ARDS occurred in 179 of the 695 patients (26%). The highest(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze temporal trends in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) fatality rates since 1983 at one institution. DESIGN Cohort. SETTING Intensive care units of a large county hospital. PATIENTS Consecutive adult patients (> or = 18 years of age) meeting ARDS criteria were identified through daily surveillance of intensive care units (N(More)
We performed a prospective cohort analysis to determine the rate and extent of improvement in pulmonary function abnormalities and self-perceived health for 1 yr after surviving an episode of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We also examined the effect of ARDS severity and etiology, age, and sex on functional recovery. Patients were recruited(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether bronchoalveolar lavage fluid levels of the N-terminal peptide of type III procollagen (procollagen III) are increased in patients with the adult respiratory distress syndrome and, if so, whether increased procollagen III levels in lavage fluid are associated with increased fatality rates. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. (More)
To determine the relationship between airspace cytokines and cellular inflammatory responses in patients with the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), we performed bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in 82 prospectively identified, mechanically ventilated patients on Days 3, 7, 14, and/or 21 after the onset of ARDS. We studied the relationships between(More)
To characterize the evolution of inflammation in the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and test the hypothesis that sustained alveolar inflammation is associated with a poor outcome in patients with ARDS, we performed fiberoptic bronchoscopy and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in 125 patients and compared BAL cells and protein concentrations in(More)
The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) frequently results in a fibroproliferative response that precludes effective alveolar repair. Transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha), a potent epithelial and mesenchymal cell mitogen, may modulate the response to lung injury. In this study, we determined whether bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF)(More)
The rate of delivery by cesarean has increased steadily in the United States since the 1970s. The reasons for this increase are not fully established. Improved diagnosis of maternal and fetal complications, medicolegal concerns, and the changing age composition of childbearing women have been cited as contributing factors. To assess whether advanced(More)
Although shown to be safe in many other lung disorders, the safety of fiberoptic bronchoscopy (FOB) with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in critically ill patients with adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remains unproven. We conducted a prospective study to evaluate the safety of BAL in patients with ARDS. There were 438 patients with ARDS at our(More)
A biochemical link between homocysteine (tHcy) and lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] related to fibrin binding has been proposed. This hypothesis has not been specifically examined in human subjects. We sought to determine in a clinical setting whether these risk factors would interact to increase coronary artery disease (CAD) risk. We performed a cross-sectional(More)