John A. McGuire

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Vertical lifting performance in 67 hummingbird species was studied across a 4000 m elevational gradient. We used the technique of asymptotic load-lifting to elicit maximum sustained muscle power output during loaded hovering flight. Our analysis incorporated direct measurements of maximum sustained load and simultaneous wingbeat kinematics, together with(More)
One consequence of strong spatial confinement of electronic wave functions in semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) is a significant enhancement in carrier-carrier Coulomb interactions. This effect leads to a number of novel physical phenomena including ultrafast decay of multiple electron-hole pairs (multiexcitons) by Auger recombination and high-efficiency(More)
Generation of multiple electron-hole pairs (excitons) by single photons, known as carrier multiplication (CM), has the potential to appreciably improve the performance of solar photovoltaics. In semiconductor nanocrystals, this effect usually has been detected using a distinct dynamical signature of multiexcitons associated with their fast Auger(More)
Effects of air exposure on surface properties, electronic structure, and carrier relaxation dynamics in colloidal PbSe nanocrystals (NCs) were studied using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and steady-state and time-resolved photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopies. We show that exposure of NC hexane solutions to air under(More)
We show that excitation of solutions of well-passivated PbSe semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) with ultraviolet (3.1 eV) photons can produce long-lived charge-separated states in which the NC core is left with a nonzero net charge. Since this process is not observed for lower-energy (1.5 eV) excitation, we ascribe it to hot-carrier transfer to some trap site(More)
Nanocrystal quantum dots have favourable light-emitting properties. They show photoluminescence with high quantum yields, and their emission colours depend on the nanocrystal size--owing to the quantum-confinement effect--and are therefore tunable. However, nanocrystals are difficult to use in optical amplification and lasing. Because of an almost exact(More)
Electronic relaxation in photoexcited graphenes is central to their photoreactivity and their optoelectrical applications such as photodetectors and solar cells. Herein we report on the first ensemble studies of electronic energy relaxation pathways in colloidal graphene quantum dots with uniform size. We show that the photoexcited graphene quantum dots(More)
Colloidal nanocrystal quantum dots (NQDs) of narrow band gap materials are of substantial general interest because of their unparalleled potential as infrared fluorophores. While PbSe NQDs are a promising class of infrared-active nanocrystals due to high emission quantum yields and a wide useful spectral range, typical synthetic methods are sensitive to a(More)
We present transient absorption measurements and microscopic theory of biexciton binding in triangular colloidal graphene quantum dots consisting of 168 sp(2)-hybridized C atoms. We observe optical transitions from the lowest orbitally dark singlet exciton states to states below the energy of an unbound dark+bright singlet-exciton pair. Through microscopic(More)