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Histone deacetylases (HDACs) represent an expanding family of protein modifying-enzymes that play important roles in cell proliferation, chromosome remodeling, and gene transcription. We have previously shown that recombinant human HDAC8 can be expressed in bacteria and retain its catalytic activity. To further explore the catalytic activity of HDACs, we(More)
Tyrphostins are low-molecular-weight synthetic inhibitors of protein tyrosine kinase, which block cell proliferation. Since platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is thought to figure prominently in disorders of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC), such as atherosclerosis, hypertension, and restenosis, we examined whether tyrphostins would inhibit(More)
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels are inversely associated with risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. At least 50% of the variation in HDL cholesterol levels is genetically determined, but the genes responsible for variation in HDL levels have not been fully elucidated. Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) and hepatic lipase (HL), two members(More)
Liver X receptor (LXR) nuclear receptors regulate the expression of genes involved in whole body cholesterol trafficking, including absorption, excretion, catabolism, and cellular efflux, and possess both anti-inflammatory and antidiabetic actions. Accordingly, LXR is considered an appealing drug target for multiple indications. Synthetic LXR agonists(More)
Pulmonary edema resulting from high pulmonary venous pressure (PVP) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in heart failure (HF) patients, but current treatment options demonstrate substantial limitations. Recent evidence from rodent lungs suggests that PVP-induced edema is driven by activation of pulmonary capillary endothelial transient receptor(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether poloxamer 407, a chemical known to increase plasma lipid levels in rodents following parenteral administration, decreased the gene expression of ATP-binding-cassette transporter A1. Using human macrophages cultured with poloxamer 407, there was a significant reduction in the gene expression of(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW In the past year, several laboratories taking independent approaches have provided compelling evidence that endothelial lipase, a relatively recent addition to the triglyceride lipase gene family, is a major determinant of HDL metabolism. This review summarizes recent findings from experiments in mice with altered levels of endothelial(More)
Analysis of gene expression is often used to evaluate the effects of experimental manipulations in laboratory animals. Blood is a rich source of potential biomarkers, including gene expression information, which may be obtained from whole blood. When compared with the end of a study, when whole blood samples can be easily obtained for gene expression(More)
Substituted 3-(phenylamino)-1H-pyrrole-2,5-diones were identified from a high throughput screen as inducers of human ATP binding cassette transporter A1 expression. Mechanism of action studies led to the identification of GSK3987 as an LXR ligand. GSK3987 recruits the steroid receptor coactivator-1 to human LXRalpha and LXRbeta with EC(50)s of 40 nM,(More)
Endothelial lipase (EL) activity has been implicated in HDL catabolism, vascular inflammation, and atherogenesis, and inhibitors are therefore expected to be useful for the treatment of cardiovascular disease. Sulfonylfuran urea 1 was identified in a high-throughput screening campaign as a potent and non-selective EL inhibitor. A lead optimization effort(More)