John A. Katzenellenbogen

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Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden (K.D.-W., J.-A.G.); Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale U540, Endocrinologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire des Cancers, Montpellier, France (V.C.); Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas (S.A.F.); Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania(More)
We have found that certain tetrasubstituted pyrazoles are high-affinity ligands for the estrogen receptor (ER) (Fink et al. Chem. Biol. 1999, 6, 205-219) and that one pyrazole is considerably more potent as an agonist on the ERalpha than on the ERbeta subtype (Sun et al. Endocrinology 1999, 140, 800-804). To investigate what substituent pattern provides(More)
Through an effort to develop novel ligands that have subtype selectivity for the estrogen receptors alpha (ERalpha) and beta (ERbeta), we have found that 2,3-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propionitrile (DPN) acts as an agonist on both ER subtypes, but has a 70-fold higher relative binding affinity and 170-fold higher relative potency in transcription assays with(More)
Although much attention has been paid to the removal of hormones from sera and to the development of serum-free media for studies on hormone-responsive cells in culture, little consideration has been given to the possibility that the media components themselves may have hormonal activity. We have found that phenol red, which bears a structural resemblance(More)
The relationship of the classical receptors and their transcriptional activity to nongenotropic effects of steroid hormones is unknown. We demonstrate herein a novel paradigm of sex steroid action on osteoblasts, osteocytes, embryonic fibroblasts, and HeLa cells involving activation of a Src/Shc/ERK signaling pathway and attenuating apoptosis. This action(More)
Estrogens exert their regulatory transcriptional effects, which can be stimulatory or repressive, at diverse gene sites via two estrogen receptors, ERalpha and ERbeta. Since these two ERs have different tissue distributions, ligands that have the capacity to selectively activate or inhibit these two ERs would be useful in elucidating the biology of these(More)
The accumulated knowledge on the binding of estradiol (E2) and its analogs and the results of affinity-labeling studies have been reviewed and are used herein to derive a binding site model for the estrogen receptor (ER). Estradiol is nonpolar and hydrophobic, except at its molecular termini. Most of its skeletal flexibility resides in the B-ring, and it(More)
Equol is a metabolite produced in vivo from the soy phytoestrogen daidzein by the action of gut microflora. It is known to be estrogenic, so human exposure to equol could have significant biological effects. Equol is a chiral molecule that can exist as the enantiomers R-equol and S-equol. To study the biological activity of racemic (+/-)-equol, as well as(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to investigate whether positron emission tomography (PET) with the glucose analog [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) and the estrogen analog 16 alpha-[(18)F]fluoroestradiol-17 beta (FES), performed before and after treatment with tamoxifen, could be used to detect hormone-induced changes in tumor metabolism (metabolic(More)