John A Josey

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Future treatments for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are likely to include agents that target viral components directly. Here, the preclinical characteristics of ITMN-191, a peptidomimetic inhibitor of the NS3/4A protease of HCV, are described. ITMN-191 inhibited a reference genotype 1 NS3/4A protein in a time-dependent fashion, a hallmark of an(More)
Peptide nucleic acids (PNAs) are polyamide oligomers that can strand invade duplex DNA, causing displacement of one DNA strand and formation of a D-loop. Binding of either a T10 PNA or a mixed sequence 15-mer PNA to the transcribed strand of a G-free transcription cassette caused 90 to 100 percent site-specific termination of pol II transcription(More)
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma, the most common form of kidney cancer, is usually linked to inactivation of the pVHL tumour suppressor protein and consequent accumulation of the HIF-2α transcription factor (also known as EPAS1). Here we show that a small molecule (PT2399) that directly inhibits HIF-2α causes tumour regression in preclinical mouse models of(More)
The crystal structure of a nucleic acid triplex reveals a helix, designated P-form, that differs from previously reported nucleic acid structures. The triplex consists of one polypurine DNA strand complexed to a polypyrimidine hairpin peptide nucleic acid (PNA) and was successfully designed to promote Watson-Crick and Hoogsteen base pairing. The P-form(More)
More than 90% of clear cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCC) exhibit inactivation of the von Hippel-Lindau (pVHL) tumor suppressor, establishing it as the major underlying cause of this malignancy. pVHL inactivation results in stabilization of the hypoxia-inducible transcription factors, HIF1α and HIF2α, leading to expression of a genetic program essential for(More)
  • Tao Wang, Michelle L. Lamb, +19 authors Dingwei Yu
  • Journal of medicinal chemistry
  • 2008
The design, synthesis and biological evaluation of a series of 4-aminopyrazolylpyrimidines as potent Trk kinase inhibitors is reported. High-throughput screening identified a promising hit in the 4-aminopyrazolylpyrimidine chemotype. Initial optimization of the series led to more potent Trk inhibitors. Further optimization using two strategies resulted in(More)
A series of 1-sulfonylaminocyclopropanecarboxylates was synthesized as ADAMTS-5 (Aggrecanase-2) inhibitors. After an intensive investigation of the central cyclopropane core including its absolute stereochemistry and substituents, we found compound 22 with an Agg-2 IC50=7.4 nM, the most potent ADAMTS-5 inhibitor reported so far.
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is characterized by inactivation of the von Hippel-Lindau tumour suppressor gene (VHL). Because no other gene is mutated as frequently in ccRCC and VHL mutations are truncal, VHL inactivation is regarded as the governing event. VHL loss activates the HIF-2 transcription factor, and constitutive HIF-2 activity restores(More)
[reaction: see text] The bicyclocondensation of 3-aza-1,5-ketoacids and amino alcohols furnished novel oxazolo[3,2-a]pyrazin-5-one scaffolds possessing angular, ring junction substituents in high yield with excellent levels of substrate-based diastereocontrol. Mild oxidation of serinol-derived scaffolds provided access to a new class of constrained(More)
HCV serine protease NS3 represents an attractive drug target because it is not only essential for viral replication but also implicated in the viral evasion of the host immune response pathway through direct cleavage of key proteins in the human innate immune system. Through structure-based drug design and optimization, macrocyclic peptidomimetic molecules(More)