John A Jenkins

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The genome of the flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana has five chromosomes. Here we report the sequence of the largest, chromosome 1, in two contigs of around 14.2 and 14.6 megabases. The contigs extend from the telomeres to the centromeric borders, regions rich in transposons, retrotransposons and repetitive elements such as the 180-base-pair repeat. The(More)
Arabidopsis thaliana is an important model system for plant biologists. In 1996 an international collaboration (the Arabidopsis Genome Initiative) was formed to sequence the whole genome of Arabidopsis and in 1999 the sequence of the first two chromosomes was reported. The sequence of the last three chromosomes and an analysis of the whole genome are(More)
Three-dimensional structures have been determined of a large number of proteins characterized by a repetitive fold where each of the repeats (coils) supplies a strand to one or more parallel beta-sheets. Some of these proteins form superfamilies of proteins, which have probably arisen by divergent evolution from a common ancestor. The classical example is(More)
BACKGROUND Microbial pectin and pectate lyases are virulence factors that degrade the pectic components of the plant cell wall. The homogalacturan backbone of pectin varies in its degree of methylation from the highly methylated and relatively hydrophobic form known as pectin, to the fully demethylated and highly charged form known as pectate. Methylated(More)
We have solved the structure of the Bacillus subtilis pectate lyase (BsPel) in complex with calcium. The structure consists of a parallel β-helix domain and a loop region. The αL-bounded β-strand seen in BsPel is a new element of protein structure and its frequent occurrence suggests it is an important characteristic of the parallel β-helix. A pronounced(More)
The recently completed genome sequence of the model plant species Arabidopsis has been estimated to encode over 25,000 proteins, which, on the basis of their function, can be classified into structural and metabolic (the vast majority of plant proteins), protective proteins, which defend a plant against invasion by pathogens or feeding by pests, and storage(More)
A camptothecin-resistant (DC3F/C-10) Chinese hamster cell line that contains a catalytically altered and camptothecin (CPT)-resistant DNA topoisomerase I (top 1) (Tanizawa, A., and Pommier, Y. (1992) Cancer Res. 52, 1848-1854) and the parent cell line (DC3F) were used to compare top 1 mRNAs and cDNAs. Northern blot analysis showed a single 4.1-kilobase band(More)
The crystal structure of the 40-kDa endo-polygalacturonase from Erwinia carotovora ssp. carotovora was solved by multiple isomorphous replacement and refined at 1.9 A to a conventional crystallographic R-factor of 0.198 and Rfree of 0.239. This is the first structure of a polygalacturonase and comprises a 10 turn right-handed parallel beta-helix domain with(More)
Three bacterial pectate lyases, a pectin lyase from Aspergillus niger, the structures of rhamnogalacturonase A from Aspergillus aculeatus, RGase A, and the P22-phage tailspike protein, TSP, display the right-handed parallel beta-helix architecture first seen in pectate lyase. The lyases have 7 complete coils while RGase A and TSP have 11 and 12,(More)