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Dopamine receptor selectivity was investigated for a number of dopamine receptor agonists. In vitro, the benzazepine derivatives, e.g., SKF 38393 and SKF 75670 as well as the isoquinoline derivatives, SKF 89626 and SKF 89615, were D1 receptor-selective. All other compounds like apomorphine, CY 208-243, 6,7-ADTN and 3-PPP were either D2-selective or did not(More)
BACKGROUND Reduced expression of connexin43 (Cx43) and sodium channel (Nav1.5) and increased expression of collagen (fibrosis) are important determinants of impulse conduction in the heart. OBJECTIVE To study the importance and interaction of these factors at very low Cx43 expression, inducible Cx43 knockout mice with and without inducible ventricular(More)
Bone is a complex highly structured mechanically active 3D tissue composed of cellular and matrix elements. The true biological environment of a bone cell is thus derived from a dynamic interaction between responsively active cells experiencing mechanical forces and a continuously changing 3D matrix architecture. To investigate this phenomenon in vitro,(More)
This study investigated the effects of dual delivery of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) for bone regeneration in a rat cranial critical size defect. Four groups of scaffolds were generated with VEGF (12 microg), BMP-2 (2 mug), both VEGF (12 microg) and BMP-2 (2 microg), or no growth factor released from(More)
The dose effect of dual delivery of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) on bone regeneration was investigated in a rat cranial critical-size defect (CSD). It was hypothesized that decreasing amounts of BMP-2 would result in a dose-dependent decrease in bone formation, and that this reduction in bone formation(More)
In this study we report on direct involvement of fluid shear stresses on the osteoblastic differentiation of marrow stromal cells. Rat bone marrow stromal cells were seeded in 3D porous titanium fiber mesh scaffolds and cultured for 16 days in a flow perfusion bioreactor with perfusing culture media of different viscosities while maintaining the fluid flow(More)
We review the neurochemical and behavioral profile of the selective gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) uptake inhibitor, (R)-N-(4,4-di-(3-methylthien-2-yl)but-3-enyl) nipecotic acid hydrochloride [tiagabine (TGB), previously termed NNC 05-0328, NO 05-0328, and NO-328], which is currently in phase III clinical trials for epilepsy. TGB is a potent, and specific(More)
In this study, hydrogel scaffolds, based on the polymer oligo(poly(ethylene glycol) fumarate) (OPF), were implanted into osteochondral defects in the rabbit model. Scaffolds consisted of two layers-a bottom, bone forming layer and a top, cartilage forming layer. Three scaffold formulations were implanted to assess how material composition and transforming(More)
OBJECTIVE To review systematically the reported effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on bone regeneration. MATERIAL AND METHODS Up to June 2006, MEDLINE and Cochrane databases were explored with different combinations of three search terms: 'PRP', 'bone regeneration', 'dentistry' and their synonyms. INCLUSION CRITERIA human controlled clinical trials(More)
It has been suggested that the provision of dental implants can improve the oral function of subjects with severely resorbed mandibles, possibly restoring function to the level experienced by satisfied wearers of conventional complete dentures. Nevertheless, a quantitative comparison has never been made and can be drawn from the literature only with(More)