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Dopamine receptor selectivity was investigated for a number of dopamine receptor agonists. In vitro, the benzazepine derivatives, e.g., SKF 38393 and SKF 75670 as well as the isoquinoline derivatives, SKF 89626 and SKF 89615, were D1 receptor-selective. All other compounds like apomorphine, CY 208-243, 6,7-ADTN and 3-PPP were either D2-selective or did not(More)
Methods for measuring 3H-SCH 23390 binding and dopamine (DA) stimulated adenylate cyclase (AC) were established in identical tissue preparations and under similar experimental conditions. Pharmacological characterization revealed that both assays involved interaction with the D1 receptor or closely associated sites. In order to investigate whether the(More)
The binding of the selective dopamine uptake inhibitor [3H]GBR 12935 was studied in vivo in mouse brain. The binding was reversible with t1/2 = 80 min. The localisation of [3H]GBR 12935 binding and of dopaminergic receptors did not overlap. The binding of [3H]GBR 12935 was distributed almost uniformly throughout the brain. Also, the in vitro inhibition of(More)
We review the neurochemical and behavioral profile of the selective gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) uptake inhibitor, (R)-N-(4,4-di-(3-methylthien-2-yl)but-3-enyl) nipecotic acid hydrochloride [tiagabine (TGB), previously termed NNC 05-0328, NO 05-0328, and NO-328], which is currently in phase III clinical trials for epilepsy. TGB is a potent, and specific(More)
(R)-N-[4,4-Bis(3-methyl-2-thienyl)but-3-en-1-yl]nipecotic acid (NO 328) has previously been shown to be a potent anticonvulsant in both mice and rats. Here, we report that NO 328 is a potent inhibitor of gamma-[3H]aminobutyric acid [( 3H]GABA) uptake in a rat forebrain synaptosomal preparation (IC50 = 67 nM) and in primary cultures of neurons and(More)
A novel antiepileptic drug, tiagabine ((R)-N-[4,4-di-(3-methylthien-2-yl) but-3-enyl] nipecotic acid hydrochloride), was studied in rats in order to determine its efficacy in preventing seizures, seizure-induced neuronal damage and impairment of spatial memory in the perforant pathway stimulation model of status epilepticus. In pilot experiments,(More)
BACKGROUND Bone grafts are required to repair large bone defects after tumour resection or large trauma. The availability of patients' own bone tissue that can be used for these procedures is limited. Thus far bone tissue engineering has not lead to an implant which could be used as alternative in bone replacement surgery. This is mainly due to problems of(More)
145 Approximating dynamic global illumination in image space. T Ritschel, T Grosch, HP Seidel SI3D, 75­82 123 Cascaded light propagation volumes for real­time indirect illumination. A Kaplanyan, C Dachsbacher SI3D, 99­107 83 Efficient sparse voxel octrees. 52 Perceptually consistent example­based human motion retrieval. 51 Screen space fluid rendering with(More)
The inward rectifier current generated by Kir2.1 ion channel proteins is primarily responsible for the stable resting membrane potential in various excitable cell types, like neurons and myocytes. Tight regulation of Kir2.1 functioning prevents premature action potential formation and ensures optimal repolarization times. While Kir2.1 forward trafficking(More)