John A. Hartley

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Bifunctional alkylating agents and other drugs which produce DNA interstrand cross-links (ICLs) are among the most effective antitumor agents in clinical use. In contrast to agents which produce bulky adducts on only one strand of the DNA, the cellular mechanisms which act to eliminate DNA ICLs are still poorly understood, although nucleotide excision(More)
The mechanisms by which DNA interstrand cross-links (ICLs) are repaired in mammalian cells are unclear. Studies in bacteria and yeasts indicate that both nucleotide excision repair (NER) and recombination are required for their removal and that double-strand breaks are produced as repair intermediates in yeast cells. The role of NER and recombination in the(More)
Drugs that produce DNA interstrand crosslinks (ICLs), between the two complementary strands of the double helix, have an important role in chemotherapy regimens for cancer. Novel crosslinking agents, and targeting strategies involving DNA crosslinking agents, continue to be developed. The ability of cells to repair DNA ICLs is a critical determinant of(More)
One of the major DNA interstrand cross-link (ICL) repair pathways in mammalian cells is coupled to replication, but the mechanistic roles of the critical factors involved remain largely elusive. Here, we show that purified human SNM1A (hSNM1A), which exhibits a 5'-3' exonuclease activity, can load from a single DNA nick and digest past an ICL on its(More)
SJG-136 (NSC 694501) is a rationally designed pyrrolobenzodiazepine dimer that binds in the minor groove of DNA. It spans 6 bp with a preference for binding to purine-GATC-pyrimidine sequences. The agent has potent activity in the National Cancer Institute (NCI) anticancer drug screen with 50% net growth inhibition conferred by 0.14 to 320 nmol/L (7.4(More)
Drugs that produce covalent interstrand cross-links (ICLs) in DNA remain central to the treatment of cancer, but the cell cycle checkpoints activated by ICLs have received little attention. We have used the fission yeast, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, to elucidate the checkpoint responses to the ICL-inducing anticancer drugs nitrogen mustard and mitomycin C.(More)
A novel sequence-selective pyrrolobenzodiazepine (PBD) dimer 5 (SJG-136) has been developed that comprises two C2-exo-methylene-substituted DC-81 (3) subunits tethered through their C8 positions via an inert propanedioxy linker. This symmetric molecule is a highly efficient minor groove interstrand DNA cross-linking agent (XL(50) = 0.045 microM) that is(More)
The aims of this study were to investigate mechanisms of action involved in H2AX phosphorylation by DNA interstrand crosslinking (ICL) agents and determine whether gammaH2AX could be a suitable pharmacological marker for identifying potential ICL cellular chemosensitivity. In normal human fibroblasts, after treatment with nitrogen mustard (HN2) or(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) overexpression is associated with resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. It modulates DNA repair after radiation-induced damage through association with the catalytic subunit of DNA protein kinase (DNA-PKcs). We investigated the role of EGFR nuclear import and its association with DNA-PKcs on DNA repair after(More)
Metastatic testicular germ cell tumours can be cured using cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy. To investigate the role of DNA repair in cisplatin sensitivity, we measured the formation and removal of cisplatin adducts in the whole genome and in specific genomic regions in 3 testis and 3 bladder cancer cell lines. Following a 1 hr exposure to 50 microM(More)