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Multimeric protein complexes in chloroplasts and mitochondria are generally composed of products of both nuclear and organelle genes of the cell. A central problem of eukaryotic cell biology is to identify and understand the molecular mechanisms for integrating the production and accumulation of the products of the two separate genomes. Ribulose(More)
This article examines differences in credit-card and debit-card usage between the United States and Japan. Although I do not doubt that social and psychological factors have some significance, I contend that four institutional factors also have useful explanatory power: the freedom of banks to enter the industry; the size of retailers; the level of(More)
BACKGROUND The capacity of cancer cells to undergo epithelial mesenchymal trans-differentiation has been implicated as a factor driving metastasis, through the acquisition of enhanced migratory/invasive cell programs and the engagement of anti-apoptotic mechanisms promoting drug and radiation resistance. Our aim was to define molecular signaling changes(More)
Sequence analysis of anti-DNA antibodies is important in determining the molecular features which distinguish potentially pathogenic antibodies from those which are less likely to be pathogenic. Previous analysis of murine anti-DNA antibody sequences suggested that particular murine immunoglobulin genes are used preferentially to encode such antibodies and(More)
Relaxin is a peptide hormone synthesized in the corpora lutea of ovaries during pregnancy and is released into the blood stream prior to parturition. Its major biological effect is to remodel the mammalian reproductive tract to facilitate the birth process. Determination of the structure of human relaxin is thus a first step in opening up the possibility of(More)
Introduction The meeting was designed to explore the intersections of signalling networks regulating and supporting epithelial-mesen-chymal (EMT) and mesenchymal-epithelial transitions (MET) in development, fibrosis, and cancer. Particular emphasis was placed on correlations between tissue histology and molecular drivers and markers of EMT and on the(More)
Four polypeptides, three of which are chloroplast-encoded, have been shown to be associated with the thylakoid membrane cytochrome b6-f complex. In this report, the gene for a fifth polypeptide, which copurifies with the b6-f complex, is identified through the use of an antibody generated against a synthetic decapeptide predicted from a maize chloroplast(More)
Using a synthetic oligonucleotide primer, cloned DNA fragments, each containing the entire coding sequence of rat relaxin, have been isolated from a clone 'bank' of ovarian mRNA sequences. The nucleotide sequence of these clones demonstrates that relaxin is synthesized as a preprorelaxin molecule with an unexpectedly large connecting peptide of 105 amino(More)
A 66 kd protein, pl 5.4, was purified from the Triton-insoluble fraction of rat spinal cord. This protein formed 10 nm filaments in vitro. The 66 kd protein was unique, although it shared homology with the 70 kd neurofilament protein (NF-L) and vimentin. An antiserum (anti-66) specific to the 66 kd protein did not cross-react with any of the neurofilament(More)
Cell-specific and light-regulated expression of the beta-glucuronidase (GUS) reporter gene from maize cab-m1 and rbcS-m3 promoter sequences was studied in maize leaf segments by using an in situ transient expression microprojectile bombardment assay. The cab-m1 gene is known to be strongly photoregulated and to be expressed almost exclusively in mesophyll(More)