John A. Dyer

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From 1935 through 1982, keratoconus was newly diagnosed in a total of 64 residents (35 males and 29 females) of Olmsted County, Minnesota. There were no significant trends in incidence rates over time; the overall average annual rate was 2.0 per 100,000 population. The age-specific incidence rates were greatest in the younger groups. The incidence rates did(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the dietary preferences of and metabolic effects in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) of a home-prepared high-monounsaturated fat (HM) diet compared with the recommended high-carbohydrate (CHO) diet. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Ten men with mild NIDDM prepared HM and high-CHO diets at home alternately and(More)
Selenium repletion of selenium-deficient rats with 20 μg selenium/kg body weight as Na2SeO3 was used as a model to investigate the mechanisms that control the distribution of the trace element to specific selenoproteins in liver and thyroid. Cytosolic glutathione peroxidase (cGSHPx), phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (PHGSHPx), and(More)
In 15 male and 15 female healthy subjects who were 10 to 48 years of age, we studied alterations in heart rate and finger blood flow in response to the cold pressor test and four strong vasovagal maneuvers: diving response (apneic facial exposure to an ice water bag), Valsalva maneuver (forced expiration against a column of mercury to 40 to 50 mm Hg),(More)
Previous work on the inter-relationships among depression, hopelessness and suicidal intent in parasuicide is reviewed. Our own study of 120 hospital-referred parasuicides confirms previous findings that, while both depression and hopelessness correlate with the degree of suicidal intent as measured on a Suicide Intent Scale, the relationship between(More)
Of 367 unilateral medial rectus recessions-lateral rectus resections and bilateral medial rectus recessions performed for childhood esotropia from 1960 through 1980, a total of 206 met the requirements for a comparative study. Preoperative and postoperative amblyopia was more prevalent in the recession-resection population and was attributed to the more(More)
Quinolone antibiotics, which can be proconvulsant in susceptible patients, were found to inhibit the specific binding of the adenosine receptor ligands L-3H-N6-phenylisopropyladenosine (L-3H-PIA) and 3H-N-ethylcarboxamidoadenosine (3H-NECA) to rat brain synaptic membranes. The inhibitions were concentration dependent, and for both ligands the order of(More)
BACKGROUND Myopia is an important public health problem because it is common and is associated with increased risk for chorioretinal degeneration, retinal detachment, and other vision- threatening abnormalities. In animals, ocular elongation and myopia progression can be lessened with atropine treatment. This study provides information about progression of(More)