John A. Doerr

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The effect of feeding a Lactobacillus-based probiotic on intestinal intraepithelial lymphocyte (IEL) subpopulations and subsequent protection against coccidiosis was investigated in broiler chickens. Day-old male broilers were fed standard rations without control (CONT) or with a commercial probiotic (PROB) Primalac. Differences in IEL subpopulations were(More)
Three trials were conducted with recently weaned pigs (n = 198) to determine the effects of feeding different types of clay in conjunction with aflatoxin-contaminated diets. In Trial 1, pigs (n = 54; trial length 4 wk) were assigned to either an uncontaminated treatment (NC), 800 ppb of aflatoxin from contaminated corn (AC), or AC with one of four clays. In(More)
A completely random design consisting of three replicates of 25 broiler chickens (Hubbard x Hubbard) at each of four treatments was used to evaluate the effects of low level, chronic aflatoxicosis on performance and various processing parameters. The treatments in Trial 1 were control, .075, .225, and .675 and in Trial 2 control, .3, .9, and 2.7(More)
From hatch to 18 d of age broilers were fed starter diets with (0.9 kg/ton) or without direct fed microbial (DFM). At 18 d, birds were weighed and, within DFM treatment (trt), randomly assigned to battery pens. In Exp 1, a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement of nutrient density [control (C, 19.3% protein (CP), 0.84%, Ca 0.37% nonphytin P (nPP); and 17.1% CP, 0.8%(More)
In a 2 X 2 factorial study, a broiler starter ration was amended for vitamin A (control, C; deficient, A) and probiotic status (-, P) to investigate their modulatory effects onthe host immune system. Birds were inoculated orally with Eimeria acervulina (EA) oocysts, and disease susceptibility was evaluated by assessment of fecal oocyst shedding. Humoral and(More)
Previously we have shown that resistance to Eimeria acervulina (EA) infection in broiler chickens was enhanced by a probiotic treatment. In the present studies, we examined cytokine and oocyst production under similar conditions using a commercial Lactobacillus-based probiotic. Day-old male broiler chicks were fed control or probiotic diets and were orally(More)
Aflatoxicosis was induced in young Japanese quail. In the first experiment five replicates of 30 birds per treatment were fed a soy-corn basal ration containing 0, 5, or 10 microgram aflatoxin per gram of feed from 1 to 3 weeks of age. At 3 weeks, the animals were sacrificed and mesurements taken. In the second experiment, 0 to 10 microgram aflatoxin per(More)
A study was conducted to investigate endocrine and testicular changes in the male chicken associated with the ingestion of 10 or 20 ppm aflatoxin at 3 different stages of development. Weekly body weight gain, absolute and relative combined testes weights, and plasma testosterone concentrations were reduced in aflatoxin-fed males as compared to controls,(More)
A 2 X 2 factorial experimental design consisting of four treatments (0, 2.5 microgram/g aflatoxin, 2.0 microgram/g ochratoxin A, and 2.5 microgram/g aflatoxin + 2.0 microgram/g ochratoxin A) with six replicates of 10 birds each was used to evaluate the synergism between aflatoxin and ochratoxin A. The chicks (Hubbard X Hubbard) were maintained on these(More)
Mycotoxins are toxic compounds produced by fungi. When one mycotoxin is detected, one should suspect that others also are present in a contaminated feed ingredient or finished feeds. The toxicity and clinical signs of observed in animals when more than one mycotoxin is present in feed are complex and diverse. Some mycotoxins, such as the combination of(More)