John A Daubenspeck

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Although respiratory-related cortical evoked potentials (CEPs) have been obtained in humans, early-latency responses have been obtained only with direct electrical stimulation of respiratory afferents. We have recorded both early and late cortical activity in response to a relatively novel stimulus consisting of a 300-ms negative pressure pulse applied to(More)
It has been widely recognized and previously reported that electrical fields from facial muscle electromyographic (EMG) activity can contaminate the electroencephalogram (EEG), even when closely spaced, bipolar electrode configurations are used (personal observations). We suspected that EEG signals evoked in response to pressure changes in the upper airway(More)
Pet-1(-/-) mice with a prenatal, genetically induced loss of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonin) neurones are compromised in their ability to withstand episodic environmental anoxia via autoresuscitation. Given the prenatal role of 5-HT neurones in the development of neural networks, here we ask if a postnatal loss of 5-HT neurones also compromises(More)
We used the global field power (GFP) to estimate the magnitude and timing of activation of the somatosensory cortex by respiratory mechanoreceptor afferents in normal humans in response to brief, negative oral pressure pulses applied at the onset of inspiration. We compared responses before (test) and after insertion of a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) that(More)
We have developed an intraoral bipolar surface electrode for the genioglossus muscle. The electrode, made from an athletic mouthguard and dental impression material, was fitted to the lower teeth. Electrode wires, bared at the tip, were positioned on the bottom of the mouthpiece to lie in contact with the superior surface of the genioglossus just behind the(More)
In anesthetized or decerebrate animals, negative pressure applied to the upper airway selectively activates the hypoglossal nerve compared with the phrenic nerve. Conversely, positive pressure reduces hypoglossal nerve activity out of proportion to any change in the phrenic neurogram. We have tested the hypothesis that analogous pressure changes applied to(More)
Respiratory-related evoked potentials (RREPs) were stimulated by brief (200-ms) oral pressure pulses (-10 cmH(2)O) applied at the onset of inspiration in 12 subjects. Scalp potentials were measured at 30 sites on a rectangular grid that encompassed the right side of the scalp overlying the somatosensory cortex (SSC). Concurrent and significant masseter EMG(More)
Mice deficient in the transcription factor Pet-1⁻/⁻ have a ∼70% deficiency of brainstem serotonin [5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)] neurons and exhibit spontaneous bradycardias in room air at postnatal day (P)5 and P12 and delayed gasping in response to a single episode of anoxia at P4.5 and P9.5 (Cummings KJ, Li A, Deneris ES, Nattie EE. Am J Physiol Regul(More)
We studied the capacity of four "normal" and six lung transplant subjects to entrain neural respiratory activity to mechanical ventilation. Two transplant subjects were studied during wakefulness and demonstrated entrainment indistinguishable from that of normal awake subjects. We studied four normal subjects and four lung transplant subjects during(More)
Evidence of the Hering-Breuer reflex has been found in humans during anesthesia and sleep but not during wakefulness. Cortical influences, present during wakefulness, may mask the effects of this reflex in awake humans. We hypothesized that, if lung volume were increased in awake subjects unaware of the stimulus, vagal feedback would modulate breathing on a(More)