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OBJECTIVES A COL5A1 gene variant was shown to be associated with chronic Achilles tendinopathy in a South African population. The aim of this case-control genetic association study was to investigate the BstUI and DpnII restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP) in a second population from Australia and to identify a predisposing haplotype for(More)
Since the discovery of nitric oxide (NO) as an endogenously formed radical, its effect on numerous physiological processes has been intensively investigated. Some studies have suggested NO to be cytotoxic while others have demonstrated it protective under various biological conditions. Though NO shows minimal cytotoxicity to a variety mammalian cell(More)
Previously, we reported that nitric oxide (NO) provides significant protection to mammalian cells from the cytotoxic effects of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Murine neutrophils and activated macrophages, however, produce NO, H2O2, and other reactive oxygen species to kill microorganisms, which suggests a paradox. In this study, we treated bacteria (Escherichia(More)
OBJECTIVE Childhood obesity is an emerging health problem. This study assesses the effects of three levels of dietary fat (10%, 32%, and 45% measured by kilocalories) on weight gain, body composition, energy metabolism, and comorbidity factors in rats from weaning through maturation. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES The role of dietary fat on the(More)
BACKGROUND Cells exposed to paclitaxel (Taxol) develop a cell cycle arrest in G2/M. It has long been recognized that late G2 and M are the most radiosensitive phases of the cell cycle. PURPOSE These studies were performed to assess the in vitro radiosensitization properties of paclitaxel in human tumor cell lines. METHODS The effect of paclitaxel at(More)
Taxol is a naturally occurring chemotherapeutic agent that is active against a variety of tumors. Taxol is believed to act by binding tightly to microtubules and preventing their disaggregation. Others have shown that depletion of cellular glutathione results in the disaggregation of microtubules, presumably by allowing the oxidation of some or all of the(More)
BACKGROUND Taxol is a novel chemotherapeutic agent that promotes microtubule assembly and stabilizes tubulin polymer formation. Clinical evaluation of its antineoplastic activity as a single agent and in combination with other chemotherapeutic drugs is in progress. METHODS To evaluate the effect of combining taxol with other commonly used antineoplastic(More)
We have perfomed DNA flow analysis, mitotic index studies, time-lapse photography, and paclitaxel uptake studies of human tumor cell lines exposed to paclitaxel. DNA flow analysis demonstrated that cells began accumulating in G2/M within 6 hrs of exposure to paclitaxel; by 12 hrs over 50% of cells accumulated in G2/M at all concentrations tested. After 24(More)
Aberrant apoptosis-mediated cell death is believed to result in a number of different human diseases. For example, excessive apoptosis in the liver can result in fulminant and autoimmune forms of hepatitis. We have explored the possibility that inhibition of Fas expression in mice would reduce the severity of fulminant hepatitis. To do this, we have(More)
The role that nitric oxide (NO) plays in various degenerative and disease states has remained a mystery since its discovery as a biological messenger, prompting the question, "NO, friend or foe?" Some reports have suggested that NO is cytotoxic, and yet others have shown that it possesses protective properties against reactive oxygen species (ROS). Many(More)