John A. Cook

Learn More
Although it is known that the number of presentations of a stressor can influence the adrenocortical stress response, relatively little information exists on how stressor intensity affects this process. To evaluate this, we repeatedly presented rats with stressors of 3 different intensities and sampled blood for corticosterone. The first major finding was(More)
The cytotoxicity of paclitaxel against eight human tumour cell lines has been studied with in vitro clonogenic assays. The fraction of surviving cells fell sharply after exposure for 24 h to paclitaxel concentrations ranging from 2 to 20 nM; the paclitaxel IC50 was found to range between 2.5 and 7.5 nM. Increasing the paclitaxel concentration above 50 nM,(More)
Previously, we reported that nitric oxide (NO) provides significant protection to mammalian cells from the cytotoxic effects of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Murine neutrophils and activated macrophages, however, produce NO, H2O2, and other reactive oxygen species to kill microorganisms, which suggests a paradox. In this study, we treated bacteria (Escherichia(More)
A review of the literature concerning cholinergic manipulations and passive avoidance reveals that state-dependency is usually not controlled adequately, nor is acquisition of the passive avoidance task ascertained before retention is tested. These problems make interpretation of results difficult. We report three experiments on 129 rats, controlling both(More)
Under aerobic conditions the addition of (C2N5)2N(N[O]NO)-.Na+(DEA/NO), S-nitroso-N-acetyl penicillamine and nitric oxide (NO)-saturated buffer, but not S-nitroso-L-glutathione, to dopamine solutions resulted in dopamine o-semiquinone formation that was dependent on the formation of a NO/oxygen intermediate. High pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC)(More)
Imaging of free radicals by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy using time domain acquisition as in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) has not been attempted because of the short spin-spin relaxation times, typically under 1 microsecond, of most biologically relevant paramagnetic species. Recent advances in radiofrequency (RF) electronics have(More)
We review Denny-Brown's hypotheses on the mechanisms underlying motor behavior and his views on how dysfunction in these mechanisms can result in dystonia. His formulations were based upon clinical observations of patients with diseases of the central nervous system and on monkeys with surgically-induced lesions of structures affected by diseases in his(More)
A novel method, called relaxo-oximetry, for rapid spatially resolved in vivo measurements of oxygen concentration using time-domain radiofrequency (RF) electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) is described. Time-domain data from triaryl methyl (TAM)-based single-electron contrast agents were processed by systematic deletion of the initial time points to arrive(More)
The performance of two electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrometers/imagers, one configured in pulsed mode and the other in continuous wave (CW) mode, at an operating frequency of 300 MHz is compared. Using the same resonator (except for altered Q-factors), identical samples and filling factors in the two techniques have been evaluated for their(More)
Imaging of stable paramagnetic spin probes in phantom objects and in vivo was evaluated using a RF time domain EPR spectrometer/imager operating at 300 MHz. Projections were collected using static magnetic field gradients and images were reconstructed using filtered back-projection techniques. Results from phantom objects containing approximately 10(17)(More)