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Studies were conducted to determine whether gene expression profiles following a single dose of radiation would yield equivalent profiles following fractionated radiation in different tumor cell lines. MCF7 (breast), DU145 (prostate), and SF539 (gliosarcoma) cells were exposed to a total radiation dose of 10 Gy administered as a single dose (SD) or by daily(More)
Previously, we reported that nitric oxide (NO) provides significant protection to mammalian cells from the cytotoxic effects of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Murine neutrophils and activated macrophages, however, produce NO, H2O2, and other reactive oxygen species to kill microorganisms, which suggests a paradox. In this study, we treated bacteria (Escherichia(More)
A novel method, called relaxo-oximetry, for rapid spatially resolved in vivo measurements of oxygen concentration using time-domain radiofrequency (RF) electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) is described. Time-domain data from triaryl methyl (TAM)-based single-electron contrast agents were processed by systematic deletion of the initial time points to arrive(More)
PURPOSE Inhibition of checkpoint kinase 1 has been shown to enhance the cytotoxicity of DNA-damaging targeted chemotherapy through cell cycle checkpoint abrogation and impaired DNA damage repair. A novel checkpoint kinase 1/2 inhibitor, AZD7762, was evaluated for potential enhancement of radiosensitivity for human tumor cells in vitro and in vivo(More)
Under aerobic conditions the addition of (C2N5)2N(N[O]NO)-.Na+(DEA/NO), S-nitroso-N-acetyl penicillamine and nitric oxide (NO)-saturated buffer, but not S-nitroso-L-glutathione, to dopamine solutions resulted in dopamine o-semiquinone formation that was dependent on the formation of a NO/oxygen intermediate. High pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC)(More)
Global gene expression patterns in breast cancer cells after treatment with oxidants (hydrogen peroxide, menadione, and t-butyl hydroperoxide) were investigated in three replicate experiments. RNA collected after treatment (at 1, 3, 7, and 24 h) rather than after a single time point, enabled an analysis of gene expression patterns. Using a 17,000(More)
Imaging of free radicals by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy using time domain acquisition as in nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) has not been attempted because of the short spin-spin relaxation times, typically under 1 microsecond, of most biologically relevant paramagnetic species. Recent advances in radiofrequency (RF) electronics have(More)
The performance of two electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrometers/imagers, one configured in pulsed mode and the other in continuous wave (CW) mode, at an operating frequency of 300 MHz is compared. Using the same resonator (except for altered Q-factors), identical samples and filling factors in the two techniques have been evaluated for their(More)
There is significant interest in the development of agents that can ameliorate radiation damage after exposure to radiation has occurred. Here we report that chronic supplementation of the antioxidant Tempol in the diet of mice can reduce body weight without toxicity, decrease cancer, and extend survival when administered after nonlethal total body(More)
Imaging of stable paramagnetic spin probes in phantom objects and in vivo was evaluated using a RF time domain EPR spectrometer/imager operating at 300 MHz. Projections were collected using static magnetic field gradients and images were reconstructed using filtered back-projection techniques. Results from phantom objects containing approximately 10(17)(More)