John A. Bushman

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A new form of airway has recently been described, which is introduced blindly into the hypopharynx to form a seal around the larynx, so permitting spontaneous or positive pressure ventilation without penetration of the larynx or oesophagus. The further development of this new airway is described and the results of 18 months' clinical experience are(More)
Two experiments were conducted to measure the oxygen uptake (Experiment II) and the carbon dioxide production (Experiment I) during transcendental meditation. A control group of non-meditators and a few meditators listening to music was used for both experiments. In Experiment I, a controlled group of fasting meditators was also included. A drop in oxygen(More)
A mathematical model is presented which provides an overall description of the renal/body fluid system, comprising an interconnected set of physiologically based representations of the relevant subsystems of the human organism. The model is used to test a number of hypotheses relating to the dynamics and control of the human renal system, including dynamics(More)
Nine subjects were given to breath 10%, 20%, 30% and 40% nitrous oxide in oxygen. The inhaled gas concentrations were monitored by a mass spectrograph. At each gas concentration the CNV was measured in a standard long S1-S2 CNV paradigm to a click and tone with a mandatory button press at S2. The results confirmed the previous observations of Lader and(More)
A study of the time and motion of the anaesthetists' routine activities was made using conventional equipment. Films of manual and visual movements were studied in detail and the expectations of certain consultant anaesthetists regarding apparatus were recorded. Models of apparatus were used to test their acceptability. A modular system appeared preferable(More)
Four different charcoals have been assessed by exposure to halothane in air until 10, 100 and 500 p.p.m. (v/v) effluent was detectable. The pattern of halothane adsorption, its practical implications and the behaviour of different adsorbers has been demonstrated. The effluent concentration from a charcoal canister should be not more than 10 p.p.m. during(More)
The VEP to pattern displacement was measured at different levels of inspired N2O concentrations in air in 10 normal subjects. The inspired concentrations were 10, 20, 30 and 40% N2O. Expired CO2 concentrations were also measured. Ten normal controls went through the same procedure but breathed air on each trial rather than N2O. The results showed a(More)
A closed-circle absorber system incorporating an in-circle Goldman vaporizer was used to administer halothane or enflurane in oxygen to adult patients. The attained inspired and end-tidal concentrations of volatile agent after a period of stabilization at each vaporizer setting were measured by mass spectrometry. During spontaneous respiration under(More)