John A. Buglino

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The Obg nucleotide binding protein family has been implicated in stress response, chromosome partitioning, replication initiation, mycelium development, and sporulation. Obg proteins are among a large group of GTP binding proteins conserved from bacteria to man. Members of the family contain two equally and highly conserved domains, a C-terminal GTP binding(More)
Palmitoylation of Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) is critical for effective long- and short-range signaling. Genetic screens uncovered a potential palmitoylacyltransferase (PAT) for Shh, Hhat, but the molecular mechanism of Shh palmitoylation remains unclear. Here, we have developed and exploited an in vitro Shh palmitoylation assay to purify Hhat to homogeneity. We(More)
Lipid modifications such as palmitoylation or myristoylation target intracellular proteins to cell membranes. Secreted ligands of the Hedgehog and Wnt families are also palmitoylated; this modification, which requires the related transmembrane acyltransferases Rasp and Porcupine, can enhance their secretion, transport, or activity. We show here that rasp is(More)
BACKGROUND Sonic hedgehog (Shh) is a palmitoylated protein that plays key roles in mammalian development and human cancers. Palmitoylation of Shh is required for effective long and short range Shh-mediated signaling. Attachment of palmitate to Shh is catalyzed by Hedgehog acyltransferase (Hhat), a member of the membrane bound O-acyl transferase (MBOAT)(More)
Polyketide-associated protein A5 (PapA5) is an acyltransferase that is involved in production of phthiocerol and phthiodiolone dimycocerosate esters, a class of virulence-enhancing lipids produced by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Structural analysis of PapA5 at 2.75-A resolution reveals a two-domain structure that shares unexpected similarity to structures of(More)
No. Chan0124 Structural Genomics: A Pipeline for Providing Structures for the Biologist M. Chance, A. Bresnick (AECOM), S. Burley (Rockefeller U.), J. Jiang (BNL), C. Lima (Weill Med. Coll. Of Cornell), A. Sali (Rockefeller U.), S. Almo (AECOM), J. Bonanno (Rockefeller U.), J. Buglino (Weill Med. Coll. Of Cornell) et al. Beamline(s): X9A Progress in(More)
The structure and biochemical function of the hot dog-fold thioesterase PaaI operative in the aerobic phenylacetate degradation pathway are examined. PaaI showed modest activity with phenylacetyl-coenzyme A, suggestive of a role in coenzyme A release from this pathway intermediate in the event of limiting downstream pathway enzymes. Minimal activity was(More)
The 2.0 A crystal structure has been determined for Escherichia coli uridine phosphorylase (UP), an essential enzyme in nucleotide biosynthesis that catalyzes the phosphorolytic cleavage of the C-N glycosidic bond of uridine to ribose-1-phosphate and uracil. The structure determination of two independent monomers in the asymmetric unit revealed the residue(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mt) produces complex virulence-enhancing lipids with scaffolds consisting of phthiocerol and phthiodiolone dimycocerosate esters (PDIMs). Sequence analysis suggested that PapA5, a so-called polyketide-associated protein (Pap) encoded in the PDIM synthesis gene cluster, as well as PapA5 homologs found in Mt and other species, are(More)
We report the 2.4 A crystal structure for lipoamide dehydrogenase encoded by lpdC from Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Based on the Lpd structure and sequence alignment between bacterial and eukaryotic Lpd sequences, we generated single point mutations in Lpd and assayed the resulting proteins for their ability to catalyze lipoamide reduction/oxidation alone(More)