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Very little is known about the expression patterns in plants of genes that encode proteins involved in the initiation of DNA replication. Partial cDNA sequences that encode Cdc6 and Mcm3 in tobacco have been isolated. The sequences were used as probes in northern blots which suggested that, in the cell cycle of synchronized tobacco BY-2 cells, expression of(More)
Endoreduplication is a common process in plants that allows cells to increase their DNA content. In the tobacco cell cultures studied in this work it can be induced by simple hormone deprivation. Mesophyll protoplast-derived cells cultured in the presence of NAA (auxin) and BAP (cytokinin) keep on dividing, while elongation and concomitant DNA(More)
In common with several other respiratory and photosynthetic enzymes, a sub-population of cytosolic phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK) occurs in the nucleus in pea leaves and shoots. The full-length cDNA encoding pea cytosolic PGK has been cloned and sequenced, revealing not only the PGK 'signature' but also a nuclear localization signal (NLS). A translational(More)
Schizosaccharomyces pombe Cdc23 is an essential DNA replication protein, conserved in eukaryotes and functionally homologous with Saccharomyces cerevisiae Dna43 (Mcm10). We sought evidence for interactions between Cdc23 and the MCM2-7 complex, a component of both the pre-replicative complex and the replication fork. Cdc23 shows genetic interactions with(More)
Eukaryotic DNA is organized for replication as multiple replicons. DNA synthesis in each replicon is initiated at an origin of replication. In both budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and fission yeast, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, origins contain specific sequences that are essential for initiation, although these differ significantly between the two(More)
We have examined by fibre autoradiography the spacing of replicons in pea root meristems during synchronized entry into S phase from arrest at the G1/S boundary. Pretreatment with the DNA cross-linking agent, psoralen, produces a marked shortening of replicon spacing, suggesting that premature arrest of the replication fork results in the recruitment of(More)
BACKGROUND The initiation of DNA replication is a very important and highly regulated step in the cell division cycle. It is of interest to compare different groups of eukaryotic organisms (a) to identify the essential molecular events that occur in all eukaryotes, (b) to start to identify higher-level regulatory mechanisms that are specific to particular(More)
A 42 kDa DNA-binding protein is associated with DNA polymerase-alpha-primase in pea (Pisum sativum). In a previous publication it was shown that the protein has strong preference for ds-ss junctions in DNA, including the cohesive termini generated by restriction endonucleases. In this paper it is shown that when the DNA-binding protein is added back to(More)