John A. Barwise

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OBJECTIVE Several causes of spatial inaccuracies in image-guided surgery have been carefully studied and documented for several systems. These include error in identifying the external features used for registration, geometrical distortion in the preoperative images, and error in tracking the surgical instruments. Another potentially important source of(More)
Patients with idiopathic orthostatic intolerance (IOI) exhibit symptoms suggestive of cerebral hypoperfusion and an excessive decrease in cerebral blood flow associated with standing despite sustained systemic blood pressure. In 9 patients (8 women and 1 man aged 22 to 48 years) with IOI, we tested the hypothesis that volume loading (2000 cc normal saline)(More)
BACKGROUND Non-convulsive seizures (NCS) or non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) has been reported in 8-20 % of critically ill patient populations, and delayed diagnosis and treatment of NCSE may lead to increased mortality. This study seeks to better understand the risk factors, characteristics, and outcome of NCS/NCSE in the neurological ICU. (More)
Objective.Develop and test methods for representing and classifying breath sounds in an intensive care setting. Methods.Breath sounds were recorded over the bronchial regions of the chest. The breath sounds were represented by their averaged power spectral density, summed into feature vectors across the frequency spectrum from 0 to 800 Hertz. The sounds(More)
Severe autonomic failure occurs in approximately 1 in 1,000 people. Such patients are remarkable for the striking and sometimes paradoxic responses they manifest to a variety of physiologic and pharmacologic stimuli. Orthostatic hypotension is often the finding most commonly noted by physicians, but a myriad of additional and less understood findings also(More)
Waste anesthetic gas scavenging technology has not changed appreciably in the past 30 years. Open reservoir systems entrain high volumes of room air and dilute waste gases before emission into the atmosphere. This process requires a large vacuum pump, which is both costly to install and, although efficient, operates continuously and at near-full capacity.(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW The autonomic nervous system functions to control heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate, gastrointestinal motility, hormone release, and body temperature on a second-to-second basis. Here we summarize some of the latest literature on autonomic dysfunction, focusing primarily on the perioperative implications. RECENT FINDINGS The(More)
Diabetes insipidus is a clinical entity that is often seen in neurosurgical patients either during or immediately after transsphenoidal hypophysectomy. Rarely, diabetes insipidus can manifest as a new entity months later in patients who have previously had an intracranial injury or operation.