Johji Arakawa

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The members of the trk family of tyrosine receptor kinases, trkA, trkB, and trkC, are the functional receptors for neurotrophins, a family of related neurotrophic factors. In this study, we investigated 1) the distribution of neurotrophin receptors in the developing and adult rat digestive tract with a pan-trk antibody that recognizes all known trks and 2)(More)
The present study was carried out to determine the effect of 5-(N, N-dimethyl)-amiloride (DMA), a specific inhibitor of the Na(+)/H(+) exchanger, on the cardiac mechanical and metabolic derangements induced by palmitoyl-L-carnitine (PALCAR). Rat hearts were perfused aerobically at a constant flow according to the Langendorff technique, while being paced(More)
The present study was carried out to determine the effect of dilazep, having an inhibitory effect on the Na+ channel, on the mechanical dysfunction and metabolic derangements induced by palmitoyl-L-carnitine in isolated rat heart and to compare the effect of dilazep with that of tetrodotoxin, a specific inhibitor of the Na+ channel. Rat hearts were perfused(More)
The effect of lidocaine on the palmitoyl-L-carnitine (PALCAR)-induced mechanical and metabolic derangements was studied in Langendorff rat hearts, perfused aerobically at a constant flow rate and paced electrically. PALCAR (5 mumol/l) increased the left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, decreased the left ventricular developed pressure (i.e., mechanical(More)
UNLABELLED Propofol attenuates mechanical dysfunction, metabolic derangement, and lipid peroxidation by exogenous administration of H2O2 in the Langendorff rat heart. In this study, we examined the effects of propofol on mechanical and metabolic changes, as well as on lipid peroxidation induced by ischemia-reperfusion, in isolated, working rat hearts. Rat(More)
Tissue damage during surgery induces coagulation factors and activates platelets. Surgical pain may provoke release of catecholamines, leading to hypercoagulability. We have investigated the effect of surgical pain on blood coagulability and fibrinolysis in orthopaedic operations using tourniquets in 22 patients undergoing total knee replacement. Patients(More)
BACKGROUND Pre-hospital laryngoscopic endotracheal intubation (ETI) is potentially a life-saving procedure but is a technique difficult to acquire. This study aimed to obtain a recommendation for the number of times ETI should be practiced by constructing the learning curve for endotracheal intubation by paramedics, as well as to report the change in the(More)
In the rat small intestine, neurotrophin-3 immunoreactivity was identified in ganglion cells and in processes mostly innervating the mucosa and occasionally the muscle layer and vasculature. The vast majority of neurotrophin-3 immunoreactive neurons contained vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), but not substance P or related tachykinin (SP/TK).(More)
Background: Rectus sheath block is a common peripheral nerve block for patients undergoing umbilical hernia repair surgery. However, rectus sheath block alone can affect only anterior branches of intercostal nerves and, therefore, is incomplete for postoperative analgesia for the anterior abdomen, which is innervated by both anterior and lateral branches.(More)
The effect of tetrodotoxin, a specific inhibitor of the Na+ channel, and 5-(N,N-dimethyl)-amiloride, a specific inhibitor of the Na+/H+ exchanger, on the mechanical and metabolic derangements induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was studied in the isolated perfused rat heart. The isolated rat heart was perfused aerobically at a constant flow rate and driven(More)