Johein Harmeyer

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In goats and other ruminants, urea functions as a source of nitrogen for protein biosynthesis in the digestive tract. Ammonia can be absorbed in the digestive system when formed in excessive quantitites and enhance formation of urea, or it can be derived from urea of blood plasma when its formation from feed sources is small. Entry rates of urea into plasma(More)
Pregnancy toxaemia is a metabolic disorder with a high mortality rate and occurs in twin-bearing ewes in late gestation. Maternal hypoglycaemia is a characteristic symptom of the disease and has been attributed to an increase in glucose uptake by the twin-bearing uterus. The possibility that a reduced maternal glucose production rate might cause(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the importance of putative regulatory factors of the calcium (Ca) and inorganic phosphate (P(i)) homeostatic system in the horse. The concentrations of Ca, P(i), vitamin D metabolites, parathyroid hormone (PTH), the activity of the alkaline phosphatase (AP) and the concentration and binding properties of(More)
BBMV were prepared from duodenal segments of untreated, 1,25-(OH)2D3- or vitamin D-3-treated rachitic piglets and from non-rachitic controls by the Mg2+ precipitation method. The rachitic piglets were offspring from the 'Hannover Pig Strain' which suffer from pseudo vitamin D-deficiency rickets, type I (no renal 1-hydroxylase activity). Initial uptake of(More)
The impact of pregnancy on ketone body disposal during a hyperketonaemic clamp was examined by tracer isotope dilution techniques in seven 12 h fasted sheep in three reproductive states, in the dry non-gestating period, late in gestation and during early lactation. After a sampling period of 60 min under basal conditions a DL-BHB racemate solution was(More)
1. Na-Pi co-transport was analysed using renal cortical and small intestinal brush-border membrane vesicles which were isolated from control (normal, heterozygotes) and rachitic piglets (homozygotes). 2. A kinetic analysis of Na-dependent initial linear uptake of Pi was performed using vesicles obtained from control animals. The results suggest similar(More)
The role of vitamin D for intestinal absorption of Ca was studied in neonatal piglets. Piglets of normal phenotype (heterozygotes) and piglets which suffered from pseudo-vitamin D deficiency rickets, type I, which were devoid of renal 25-cholecalciferol-1-hydroxylase were used for the experiments. Intestinal absorption of Ca was measured after an oral dose(More)
Biochemical parameters of Ca homeostasis in fetal and maternal plasma and placental transfer of Ca, Pi and vitamin D metabolites were measured during pregnancy and at parturition. Control pigs and pigs with inherited pseudo-vitamin D-deficiency rickets, type I (PVDR), which are devoid of renal calcitriol production, were used. Although sows with PVDR(More)
In previous experiments it has been shown that hyperketonemia lowered plasma glucose concentration in sheep and depressed endogenous glucose production by approximately 30%. This facilitates the onset of pregnancy toxemia. In the last trimester of gestation, hyperketonemia in sheep is often associated with hypocalcemia. There is an indication that(More)