Johans J. Fakhoury

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In this contribution, we report that a self-assembled platinum molecular square [Pt(en)(4,4'-dipyridyl)]4 can act as an efficient G-quadruplex binder and telomerase inhibitor. Molecular modeling studies show that the square arrangement of the four bipyridyl ligands, the highly electropositive nature of the overall complex, as well as hydrogen bonding(More)
We have investigated, for the first time, short interfering duplexes containing arabinonucleotides (ANA; the 2'-stereoisomer of RNA), as well as combinations of ANA with RNA, and their 2'-fluorinated derivatives 2F-ANA and/or 2'F-RNA. The results show that ANA is especially well accommodated in the sense strand of small interfering RNA (siRNA) duplexes,(More)
A series of three platinum(II) phenanthroimidazoles each containing a protonable side-chain appended from the phenyl moiety through copper(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) were evaluated for their capacities to bind to human telomere, c-Myc, and c-Kit derived G-quadruplexes. The side-chain has been optimized to enable a multivalent binding(More)
We present a rapid and efficient method to generate a family of platinum supramolecular square complexes, including previously inaccessible targets, through the use of ball milling mechanochemistry. This one-pot, two-step process occurs in minutes and enables the synthesis of the squares [Pt4(en)4(N∩N)4][CF3SO3]8 (en= ethylenediamine, N∩N = 4,4'-bipyridine(More)
Telomerase synthesizes telomeric sequences and is minimally composed of a reverse transcriptase (RT) known as TERT and an RNA known as TR. We reconstituted heterologous mouse (m) and human (h) TERT-TR complexes and chimeric mTERT-hTERT-hTR complexes in vitro and in immortalized human alternative lengthening of telomere (ALT) cells. Our data suggest that(More)
Therapeutic nucleic acids are powerful molecules for shutting down protein expression. However, their cellular uptake is poor and requires transport vectors, such as cationic polymers. Of these, poly(ethylenimine) (PEI) has been shown to be an efficient vehicle for nucleic acid transport into cells. However, cytotoxicity has been a major hurdle in the(More)
We report a spherical nucleic acid (SNA) system for the delivery of BKM120, an anticancer drug for treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). While promising for cancer treatment, this drug crosses the blood-brain barrier causing significant side-effects in patients. The DNA nanoparticle encapsulates BKM120 in high efficiency, and is unparalleled in(More)
The minimal vertebrate telomerase enzyme is composed of a protein component (telomerase reverse transcriptase, TERT) and an RNA component (telomerase RNA, TR). Expression of these two subunits is sufficient to reconstitute telomerase activity in vitro, while the formation of a holoenzyme comprising telomerase-associated proteins is necessary for proper(More)
We designed novel 4'-modified 2'-deoxy-2'-fluorouridine (2'-F U) analogues with the aim to improve nuclease resistance and potency of therapeutic siRNAs by introducing 4'-C-methoxy (4'-OMe) as the alpha (C4'α) or beta (C4'β) epimers. The C4'α epimer was synthesized by a stereoselective route in six steps; however, both α and β epimers could be obtained by a(More)