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Static and dynamic components of ocular counterroll as well as cyclorotatory optokinetic nystagmus were measured with a scleral search coil technique. Static counterroll compensated for about 10% of head roll when the head was tilted to steady positions up to 20 deg from the upright position. The dynamic component of counterroll, which occurs only while the(More)
We investigated spontaneous variation of binocular torsion. Variation was expressed as SD of torsional eye positions measured over periods up to 32 sec. Subjects viewed a single dot target for periods of 32 sec. In half of the trials a large random-dot background pattern was superimposed on the dot. The movements of both eyes were measured with scleral(More)
Eye movements associated with eyelid closure were recorded in human subjects with search coils, embedded in self-adhering scleral annuli, in a magnetic field. In contrast to classical notions, voluntary as well as reflex blinks were consistently accompanied by transient downward and nasalward movements of both eyes with amplitudes 1-5 degrees. These eye(More)
Previously we reported that failures of compensatory eye movements led to appreciable binocular retinal image motion during head rotation. Subjectively, the visual world appeared clear, fused, and stable under these conditions. The present experiments examined these impressions psychophysically. The spatial modulation transfer function of subjects with(More)
Eye and head movements in the horizontal, frontal and sagittal planes were recorded in the rabbit with a newly developed technique using dual scleral search coils in a rotating magnetic field. The compensatory eye movements elicited by passive sinusoidal oscillation deteriorated for frequencies below 0.1 Hz in the horizontal, but not in the frontal and(More)
Binocular cyclorotatory (torsional) eye movements in response to visual patterns, which oscillated sinusoidally in the frontal plane, were recorded with scleral induction coils in human subjects. Conjugate cycloversion and disjunctive cyclovergence were directly compared by in-phase and out-of-phase oscillation of the same pattern. Stimulus motion had a(More)
Vestibulo-ocular reflexes (VOR) were evaluated with a reactive torque helmet that imposed high-frequency oscillation (2-20 Hz) or step displacements of the head in the horizontal plane. The present paper describes the experimental and analytical techniques and the results for normal subjects, which will serve as a baseline for the evaluation of vestibular(More)
Physical whole-body vibration (WBV) exercises become available at various levels of intensity. In a first series of measurements, we investigated 3-dimensional platform accelerations of three different WBV devices without and with three volunteers of different weight (62, 81 and 100 kg) in squat position (150 degrees knee flexion). The devices tested were(More)
Horizontal binocular eye movements of four subjects were recorded with the scleral sensor coil--revolving magnetic field technique while they fixated a natural target, whose distance was varied in a normally illuminated room. The distance of the target relative to the head of the subject was changed in three ways: (a) the target was moved manually by the(More)
1. The three-dimensional, binocular eye movements evoked by electrical microstimulation of the cerebellar flocculus of alert, pigmented rabbits were recorded using the scleral search coil technique. The components of these eye movements were obtained in reference to an orthogonal coordinate system consisting of a vertical axis and two horizontal axes at 45(More)