Johannes van der Steen

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Eye movements associated with eyelid closure were recorded in human subjects with search coils, embedded in self-adhering scleral annuli, in a magnetic field. In contrast to classical notions, voluntary as well as reflex blinks were consistently accompanied by transient downward and nasalward movements of both eyes with amplitudes 1-5 degrees. These eye(More)
Megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts (MLC) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by macrocephaly, deterioration of motor functions with ataxia, and spasticity, eventuating in mental decline. The brain appears swollen on magnetic resonance imaging, with diffuse white-matter abnormalities and the invariable presence of(More)
Horizontal binocular eye movements of four subjects were recorded with the scleral sensor coil--revolving magnetic field technique while they fixated a natural target, whose distance was varied in a normally illuminated room. The distance of the target relative to the head of the subject was changed in three ways: (a) the target was moved manually by the(More)
We investigated spontaneous variation of binocular torsion. Variation was expressed as SD of torsional eye positions measured over periods up to 32 sec. Subjects viewed a single dot target for periods of 32 sec. In half of the trials a large random-dot background pattern was superimposed on the dot. The movements of both eyes were measured with scleral(More)
Physical whole-body vibration (WBV) exercises become available at various levels of intensity. In a first series of measurements, we investigated 3-dimensional platform accelerations of three different WBV devices without and with three volunteers of different weight (62, 81 and 100 kg) in squat position (150 degrees knee flexion). The devices tested were(More)
We attempted to increase the sensitivity for detection of abnormal binocular saccadic eye movements, particularly of the internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) type associated with multiple sclerosis (MS). Saccades of 10 and 20 degrees were binocularly recorded with scleral sensor coils in 10 normal control subjects and 26 patients with definite or probable MS,(More)
Cerebellar long-term depression (LTD) at parallel fibre-Purkinje cell (P-cell) synapses is thought to embody neuronal information storage for motor learning. Transgenic L7-protein kinase C inhibitor (PKCI) mice in which cerebellar LTD is selectively blocked do indeed exhibit impaired adaptation in the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) while their default(More)
PURPOSE This study compared the performance of a video-based infrared three-dimensional eye tracker device (Chronos) with the scleral search coil method. METHODS Three-dimensional eye movements were measured simultaneously with both systems during fixation, saccades, optokinetic stimulation, and vestibular stimulation. RESULTS Comparison of fixation(More)
Previously we reported that failures of compensatory eye movements led to appreciable binocular retinal image motion during head rotation. Subjectively, the visual world appeared clear, fused, and stable under these conditions. The present experiments examined these impressions psychophysically. The spatial modulation transfer function of subjects with(More)
Vestibulo-ocular reflexes (VOR) were evaluated with a reactive torque helmet that imposed high-frequency oscillation (2-20 Hz) or step displacements of the head in the horizontal plane. The present paper describes the experimental and analytical techniques and the results for normal subjects, which will serve as a baseline for the evaluation of vestibular(More)