Johannes van der Steen

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Static and dynamic components of ocular counterroll as well as cyclorotatory optokinetic nystagmus were measured with a scleral search coil technique. Static counterroll compensated for about 10% of head roll when the head was tilted to steady positions up to 20 deg from the upright position. The dynamic component of counterroll, which occurs only while the(More)
This study describes differences in horizontal and vertical disconjugate saccades under far and close viewing conditions of two dichoptically presented aniseikonic random checkerboard patterns. At far viewing, disconjugacy of horizontal saccades requiring divergence was accomplished intrasaccadically after several minutes; for convergence the intrasaccadic(More)
Congenital nystagmus (CN) has been described as a ‘fixation’ nystagmus implying an inability to fixate a target. However, each cycle of CN contains a target-foveation period during which the eye velocity is at, or near, zero. Prolongation of foveation time, reduction of retinal image velocity and cycle-to-cycle foveation repeatability all contribute to(More)
Eye and head movements in the horizontal, frontal and sagittal planes were recorded in the rabbit with a newly developed technique using dual scleral search coils in a rotating magnetic field. The compensatory eye movements elicited by passive sinusoidal oscillation detoriated for frequencies below 0.1 Hz in the horizontal, but not in the frontal and(More)
Noradrenaline (NA) has been implicated as a neuromodulator in plasticity, presumably facilitating adaptive processes. Recent experiments by others have suggested a modulatory role of NA in adaptive changes in the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). These experiments showed that general depletion of brain NA resulted in a decreased ability to produce adaptive(More)
We studied gaze-shift dynamics during several gaze-shift tasks and during reading, in five subjects with convergence insufficiency (C.I., a diminished ability to converge), and in ten subjects without C.I. Furthermore, we studied the effect of vergence training in order to verify previous claims that orthoptic exercises can improve vergence performance. We(More)
It has been shown that, during 5 seconds of fixation, an individual with congenital nystagmus (CN) can repeatedly (beat-to-beat) foveate (SD = 12.87 minarc) and maintain low retinal slip velocities (SD = 118.36 minarc/sec). Smooth pursuit data from several CN subjects showed that eye velocities during these foveation intervals approximated target velocity.(More)
Anatomical and physiological findings indicate that the crossed optic fibres of the rabbit have a crucial role in binocular vision. In order to directly examine the visual functions of the uncrossed fibre system, a technique of sectioning the optic chiasma midsagitally was developed. Both normal and chiasma-sectioned rabbits were tested on a variety of(More)
This study addresses a possible mechanism for fast disconjugate adaptation of binocular horizontal saccades. Disconjugacy of binocular saccades was elicited by two dichoptically presented, identical but aniseikonic, random checkerboard patterns. Adaptation was achieved with the patterns at far distance (144 cm). In this condition, which requires a(More)
The flocculus of the rabbit is involved in the plasticity of compensatory eye movements. It is generally assumed that the climbing fiber input to floccular Purkinje cells encodes "retinal slip," which in turn would be a measure for the oculomotor performance error. To test this, we used transparent motion stimuli, creating a retinal slip signal that broke(More)