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MOTIVATION Alignment-free sequence comparison methods are still in the early stages of development compared to those of alignment-based sequence analysis. In this paper, we introduce a probabilistic measure of similarity between two biological sequences without alignment. The method is based on the concept of comparing the similarity/dissimilarity between(More)
The relative stability of divalent first-row transition metal ion complexes, as defined by the Irving-Williams series, poses a fundamental chemical challenge for selectivity in bacterial metal ion acquisition. Here we show that although the substrate-binding protein of Streptococcus pneumoniae, PsaA, is finely attuned to bind its physiological substrate(More)
The influence of the side chain charges of the second and fourth amino acid residues in the peptidic μ opioid lead agonist Dmt-d-Arg-Phe-Lys-NH(2) ([Dmt(1)]-DALDA) was examined. Additionally, to increase the overall lipophilicity of [Dmt(1)]-DALDA and to investigate the Phe(3) side chain flexibility, the final amide bond was N-methylated and Phe(3) was(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations and free energy calculations have been used to examine in detail the mechanism by which a receptor molecule (the glycopeptide antibiotic vancomycin) recognizes and binds to a target molecule (lipid II) embedded within a membrane environment. The simulations show that the direct interaction of vancomycin with lipid II, as(More)
Monosaccharides provide an excellent platform to tailor molecular diversity by appending desired substituents at selected positions around the sugar scaffold. The presence of five functionalized and stereo-controlled centres on the sugar scaffolds gives the chemist plenty of scope to custom design molecules to a pharmacophore model. This review focuses on(More)
Most drug discovery programs today originate by selection of 'hit' molecules resulting from assays against large compound screening libraries. The chemical space in which these hits reside has implications for its biological activity in vivo and likelihood of progression to a drug candidate. We have created a database of commercially available screening(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae is a leading cause of life-threatening bacterial infections, especially in young children in developing countries. Pneumococcal infections can be treated with β-lactam antibiotics, but rapid emergence of multidrug-resistant strains of S. pneumoniae over the past two decades has emphasized the need to identify novel drug targets.(More)
Metronidazole has been used clinically for over 50 years as an antiparasitic and broad-spectrum antibacterial agent effective against anaerobic bacteria. However resistance to metronidazole in parasites and bacteria has been reported, and improved second-generation metronidazole analogues are needed. The copper catalysed Huigsen azide-alkyne 1,3-dipolar(More)
The world is facing a crisis in treating infectious diseases, with a scarcity of new antibiotics in development to treat the growing threat of drug-resistant "superbugs". We need new strategies to reinvigorate the antibiotic pipeline. In this Viewpoint we discuss one such approach, encouraging the community of synthetic chemists to participate in testing(More)
Citropin 1.1, maculatin 1.1, and caerin 1.1 are short antibacterial cationic peptides from the skin glands of the Australian tree frog Litoria species. Several analogues have been synthesized to give a better insight into the relationship between the structure of the peptides and their antibacterial and haemolytic activity. Binding studies using a surface(More)