Johannes Tramper

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There is increasing interest in biotechnological production of marine sponge biomass owing to the discovery of many commercially important secondary metabolites in this group of animals. In this article, different approaches to producing sponge biomass are reviewed, and several factors that possibly influence culture success are evaluated. In situ sponge(More)
Enclosed outdoor photobioreactors need to be developed and designed for large-scale production of phototrophic microorganisms. Both light regime and photosynthetic efficiency were analyzed in characteristic examples of state-of-the-art pilot-scale photobioreactors. In this study it is shown that productivity of photobioreactors is determined by the light(More)
Hydrogen is a clean energy alternative to fossil fuels. Photosynthetic bacteria produce hydrogen from organic compounds by an anaerobic light-dependent electron transfer process. In the present study hydrogen production by three photosynthetic bacterial strains (Rhodopseudomonas sp., Rhodopseudomonas palustris and a non-identified strain), from four(More)
The supply of oxygen within three-dimensional tissue-engineered (TE) cartilage polymer constructs is mainly by diffusion. Oxygen consumption by cells results in gradients in the oxygen concentration. The aims of this study were, firstly, to identify the gradients within TE cartilage polymer constructs and, secondly, to predict the profiles during in vitro(More)
The biomass yield on light energy of Dunaliella tertiolecta and Chlorella sorokiniana was investigated in a 1.25- and 2.15-cm light path panel photobioreactor at constant ingoing photon flux density (930 µmol photons m−2 s−1). At the optimal combination of biomass density and dilution rate, equal biomass yields on light energy were observed for both light(More)
Primmorphs were obtained from seven different marine sponges: Stylissa massa, Suberites domuncula, Pseudosuberites aff. andrewsi, Geodia cydonium, Axinella polypoides, Halichondria panicea and Haliclona oculata. The formation process and the ultra structure of primmorphs were studied. A positive correlation was found between the initial sponge-cell(More)
The microbial epoxidation of propene and 1-butene was used to study some fundamental aspects of two-liquid-phase biocatalytic conversions. Introduction of a water-immiscible organic solvent phase in a free-cell suspension gave rise to a series of undesired phenomena, e.g., inactivation by the solvent, clotting of biomass, and aggregation of cells at the(More)
The toxicity of homologous series of organic solvents has been investigated for the gram-positive bacteria, Arthrobacter sp. and Nocardia sp., and the gram-negative bacteria, Acinetobacter sp. and Pseudomonas sp. The hydrophobicity of the solvent, expressed by its logP(octanol), proves to be a good measure for the toxicity of solvents in a two-phase system.(More)
Functional cartilage implants for orthopedic surgery or in vitro tissue evaluation can be created from expanded chondrocytes and biodegradable scaffolds. Expansion of chondrocytes in two-dimensional culture systems results in their dedifferentiation. The hallmark of this process is the switch of collagen synthesis from type II to type I. The aim of this(More)
In this article it is proven that ultrasound can be used to harvest microalgae. The separation process is based on gentle acoustically induced aggregation followed by enhanced sedimentation. In this paper, the efficiency of harvesting and the concentration factor of the ingoing biomass concentration are optimized and the relevance of this process compared(More)