Johannes Tigges

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The rhesus monkey offers a useful model of normal human aging because when monkeys are tested on a battery of behavioral tasks that can also be used to evaluate cognition in humans, it is found that the monkeys undergo an age-related decline in several domains of cognitive function as do humans. In monkeys these changes begin at about 20 years of age. To(More)
The retrogradely transported horseradish peroxidase (HRP) method was used to study the areal and laminar distribution of neurons sending their axons to ipsilateral and contralateral visual cortical areas 17, 18, 19, and MT in the squirrel monkey. Further details regarding neuron type (stellate or pyramidal), size class, and spatial grouping of the cells(More)
The projections from area 18 and the lateral geniculate nucleus onto area 17 of the squirrel monkey (Saimiri) were investigated with retrograde (horseradish peroxidase) and anterograde (tritiated proline) labelling techniques, and the (Fink-Heimer) silver impregnation method for degenerating axons and their terminals. The association fibers from area 18(More)
Studies on human postmortem material report lower brain weights in older than in younger cohorts, whereas there is no apparent change with age in the rhesus monkey. In view of these contrasting results, we examined the pattern of brain weight across the life span in the chimpanzee, one of the closest biological relatives of humans. To place the study in(More)
Because aged nonhuman primates show beta-amyloid (A beta) deposition in senile plaques and blood vessels similar to that seen in human aging and AD, we used C-terminal specific antibodies to A beta40 and A beta42 to investigate A beta peptide length in the brains of 11 aged rhesus monkeys and a 59-year-old chimpanzee. In contrast to AD, where the earliest(More)
BACKGROUND The dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) is the thalamic region responsible for transmitting retina signals to cortex. Brainstem pathways to this nucleus have been described in several species and are believed to control the retinocortical pathway depending on the state of the animal (awake, asleep, drowsy, etc.). The purpose of this study(More)
The influence of anomalous visual experience on the postnatal regulation of axial eye elongation was explored by raising newborn rhesus monkeys under different types of monocular and binocular deprivation and comparing their eye growth pattern with that of age-matched normal monkeys. Monocular manipulations included eyelid suture to eliminate pattern(More)
Retrograde transport of lectin-HRP conjugate (WGA-HRP) was used to examine the anatomical organization of long ascending propriospinal neurons (LAPNs) projecting to the cervical enlargement (C5-T1) and to the upper part of the cervical cord (C3-4) in cats. Small injections (0.05-1.0 microliter) of dilute (1-4%) WGA-HRP were made into the C5-T1 or C3-4(More)
The effects of long-term monocular deprivation on the geniculostriate system in squirrel monkeys were studied with neuroanatomical methods. Four neonates were visually deprived by monocular eyelid suture during their first 10 days of life and survived from 9 to 40 months. In the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN), deprivation resulted in severe cell size(More)