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We present a series of non-stoichiometric cadmium sulfide quantum-dot (QD) models. Using density functional theory (DFT) and semi-empirical molecular orbital (MO) calculations, we explore the ligand binding and exchange chemistry of these models. Their surface morphology allows for these processes to be rationalized on the atomic scale. This is corroborated(More)
Three new unsymmetrical anthracenyl-pentacene derivatives have been synthesized, characterized using X-ray crystallography, and used as semiconductors in OTFTs. For one derivative, ambipolar charge carrier transport was observed with a hole mobility of 0.2 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) and an electron mobility of 0.03 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1).
In this review we highlight recent progress in the field of photochemically and thermally induced electron transport through molecular bridges as integrative parts of electron donor-bridge-acceptor conjugates. The major emphasis is hereby on the design and the modular composition of the bridges. To this end, we will demonstrate that control over attenuation(More)
We have studied hydrogen-passivated amorphous carbon nanostructures with semiempirical molecular orbital theory in order to provide an understanding of the factors that affect their electronic properties. Amorphous structures were first constructed using periodic calculations in a melt/quench protocol. Pure periodic amorphous carbon structures and their(More)
We report the characterization of carbon nanodots (CNDs) synthesized under mild and controlled conditions, that is, in a microwave reactor. The CNDs thus synthesized exhibit homogeneous and narrowly dispersed optical properties. They are thus well suited as a testbed for studies of the photophysics of carbon-based nanoscopic emitters. In addition to(More)
Covalent organic frameworks (COFs), formed by reversible condensation of rigid organic building blocks, are crystalline and porous materials of great potential for catalysis and organic electronics. Particularly with a view of organic electronics, achieving a maximum degree of crystallinity and large domain sizes while allowing for a tightly π-stacked(More)
We have investigated the role of linker molecules in quantum-dot-sensitized solar cells (QDSSCs) using density-functional theory (DFT) and experiments. Linkers not only govern the number of attached QDs but also influence charge separation, recombination, and transport. Understanding their behavior is therefore not straightforward. DFT calculations show(More)
Systematic access to metal-functionalized polyoxometalates has thus far been limited to lacunary tungsten oxide and molybdenum oxide clusters. The first controlled, stepwise bottom-up assembly route to metal-functionalized molecular vanadium oxides is now presented. A di-vacant vanadate cluster with two metal binding sites, (DMA)2[V12O32Cl](3-) (DMA =(More)