Learn More
In patients with renal failure, myocardial infarction (MI) is more frequent and the rate of death from acute MI is very high. It has been argued that ischemia tolerance of the heart is reduced in uremia, but direct evidence for this hypothesis has not been provided. It was the purpose of this study (1) to ligate the left coronary artery and to measure the(More)
BACKGROUND Hyperphosphatemia is a known predictor of cardiovascular death and specifically of cardiac death in hemodialysis patients. The pathomechanisms involved have not been completely clarified. While a number of observations suggest an important role of hyperphosphatemia and positive calcium balance on atherosclerosis and calcification of the coronary(More)
Rodents do not develop spontaneous atherosclerosis. Currently, there is no good animal model to study the effect of uremia on atherosclerosis. This study evaluated whether apolipoprotein E knockout (Apoe-/-) mice are useful to study the effect of renal dysfunction on cardiovascular risk. Apoe-/- mice have decreased serum apolipoprotein E and exhibit lipid(More)
In experimental renal failure, increased intramyocardial arteriolar wall thickness, reduced myocardial capillary density, and increased cardiac interstitium are found. The extent to which such alterations can be modified by therapeutic interventions has not been investigated to date. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Ramipril,(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormalities in cardiovascular structures, e.g. LV hypertrophy and thickening of vessels (arteries, arterioles, veins) are hallmarks of renal failure. They are in part independent of elevated blood pressure. Parathyroid hormone (PTH) has been shown to affect cardiac function and has also been identified as a permissive factor in the genesis of(More)
In previous studies on experimental renal failure, hypertrophy of cardiomyocytes, diminished capillarization, and increased intercapillary distances had been observed, abnormalities that will expose the heart to reduced ischemia tolerance. It has not been established, however, whether such structural alterations are unique for the heart (eg, as a(More)
BACKGROUND The development of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and of structural abnormalities of the heart is a key abnormality in renal failure that potentially contributes to the high rate of cardiac death. In renal failure, the behavior of cardiomyocyte volume and number in the development of LVH has so far not been investigated. A potential role of(More)
Cardiovascular complications are a well-known feature of chronic renal failure. Increased wall thickness of intramyocardial arterioles and elastic (aorta) and peripheral (mesenteric) arteries is seen even after normalization of blood pressure. It is currently unknown whether such increases result from hyperplasia of vascular smooth muscle cells,(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic renal failure is characterized by remodeling of the structure of the heart and the vasculature, for example, left ventricular hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis, capillary/myocyte mismatch, as well as thickening of intramyocardial arteries and of peripheral arteries and veins. Furthermore, uremia is a state of increased oxygen stress. It(More)