Johannes S. Rieger

Learn More
Bevacizumab shows unprecedented rates of response in recurrent glioblastomas (GBM), but the detailed mechanisms are still unclear. We employed in vivo magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) and quantitative magnetic resonance imaging to investigate whether bevacizumab alters oxygen and energy metabolism and whether this effect has antitumoral(More)
Understanding and overcoming multidrug resistance (MDR) may be a promising strategy to develop more effective pharmacotherapies for malignant gliomas. In the present study, human malignant glioma cell lines (n=12) exhibited heterogeneous mRNA and protein expression and functional activity of the mdr gene-encoded P-glycoprotein (PGP) and MDR-associated(More)
Bevacizumab is an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) antibody with activity against recurrent malignant glioma inducing high rates of objective responses as assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However, the mechanisms of the anti-tumor action of bevacizumab are controversial. In particular, it is unclear whether and when bevacizumab(More)
BACKGROUND Even in the presence of oxygen, malignant cells often highly depend on glycolysis for energy generation, a phenomenon known as the Warburg effect. One strategy targeting this metabolic phenotype is glucose restriction by administration of a high-fat, low-carbohydrate (ketogenic) diet. Under these conditions, ketone bodies are generated serving as(More)
OBJECTIVE The NOA-05 multicenter trial was performed to analyze the efficacy of primary chemotherapy with procarbazine and lomustine (PC) in patients with gliomatosis cerebri (GC) and to define clinical, imaging, and molecular factors influencing outcome. METHODS Thirty-five patients with previously untreated GC were treated with up to six 56-day courses(More)
Therapy-induced calcifications in glioblastoma are rarely recognized. They may represent regressive changes in the tumor tissue, but their occurrence and possible predictive or prognostic value have not been systematically assessed. The observation of hyperintense lesions on precontrast T1-weighted magnetic resonance images (MRIs) in 2 index patients with(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the relevance of bevacizumab (BEV)-induced diffusion-restricted lesions and T1-hyperintense lesions in patients with recurrent glioblastoma. METHODS We prospectively screened 74 BEV-treated patients with recurrent glioblastoma for (1) diffusion-restricted lesions and/or, (2) lesions with a hyperintense signal on precontrast(More)
Stem and progenitor cells (PCs) of various lineages have become attractive vehicles to improve therapeutic gene delivery to cancers, notably glioblastoma. Here we report that adult human and murine haematopoietic PCs display a tropism for intracerebral gliomas but not for normal brain tissue in mice. Organotypic hippocampal slice culture and spheroid(More)
Limiting dietary carbohydrates inhibits glioma growth in preclinical models. Therefore, the ERGO trial (NCT00575146) examined feasibility of a ketogenic diet in 20 patients with recurrent glioblastoma. Patients were put on a low-carbohydrate, ketogenic diet containing plant oils. Feasibility was the primary endpoint, secondary endpoints included the(More)
Radiotherapy is the standard treatment for glioblastoma. Here, we assessed the radiosensitivity of 12 human malignant glioma cell lines in vitro and correlated these data with irradiation-induced cell cycle changes, chemosensitivity profiles and BCL-2 family protein expression. Irradiation at 3 Gy failed to cause major cell cycle perturbations.(More)