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BACKGROUND CYP46, the gene encoding cholesterol 24-hydroxylase, plays a key role in the hydroxylation of cholesterol and thereby mediates its removal from brain. OBJECTIVE To study the association of polymorphic sites on CYP46 with Alzheimer disease (AD) traits and with the risk of the development of AD. DESIGN Alzheimer disease traits (beta-amyloid(More)
To test whether antibodies against beta-amyloid are effective in slowing progression of Alzheimer's disease, we assessed cognitive functions in 30 patients who received a prime and a booster immunization of aggregated Abeta(42) over a 1 year period in a placebo-controlled, randomized trial. Twenty patients generated antibodies against beta-amyloid, as(More)
Cyclooxygenases (COX, prostaglandin endoperoxide synthases, PGG/H synthases) are potent mediators of inflammation. While COX-1 is constitutively expressed in a wide range of tissues, COX-2 is cytokine inducible. Although COX-1 expression is observed in normal tissue, enhanced COX-2 expression has been attributed a key role in the development of edema,(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disease that affects more than 15 million people worldwide. Within the next generation, these numbers will more than double. To assist in the elucidation of pathogenic mechanisms of AD and related disorders, such as frontotemporal dementia (FTDP-17), genetically modified mice, flies, fish and worms(More)
UNLABELLED 3-(6-Methyl-pyridin-2-ylethynyl)-cyclohex-2-enone-O-11C-methyl-oxime (11C-ABP688), a noncompetitive and highly selective antagonist for the metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGluR5), was evaluated for its potential as a PET agent. METHODS Six healthy male volunteers (mean age, 25 y; range, 21-33 y) were studied. Brain perfusion(More)
UNLABELLED (11)C-ABP688 is a new PET ligand to assess the subtype 5 metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGlu(5)). The purpose of this study was to evaluate different methods for the analysis of human (11)C-ABP688 data acquired from 6 healthy, young volunteers. METHODS The methods were a 1-tissue-compartment model (K(1), k(2)''), a 2-tissue-compartment model(More)
BACKGROUND The median survival for patients with glioblastoma is reported to be 12 months. To improve the outcome for glioblastoma patients, the authors evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of preirradiation gemcitabine chemotherapy followed by standard radiotherapy. METHODS Twenty-one patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma were enrolled in a(More)
A common polymorphism of the gene encoding acyl-coenzyme A: cholesterol acyltransferase 1 (SOAT1), which is involved in the regulation of beta-amyloid peptide generation, is associated with low brain amyloid load (P=0.03) and with low cerebrospinal fluid levels of cholesterol (P=0.005). This polymorphism of SOAT1 is also associated with reduced risk for(More)
BACKGROUND The deposition of tau protein in neurofibrillary tangles constitutes an important feature of many neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease. A polymorphic gene, saitohin (STH), nested within the tau gene (microtubule associated protein tau, MAPT), was recently identified and an association of a non-synonymous polymorphism in STH(More)
Here, we report that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) enhance the cytotoxic effects of doxorubicin and vincristine in T98G human malignant glioma cells. The cytotoxicity of BCNU, cisplatin, VM26, camptothecin, and cytarabine is unaffected by NSAID. No free radical formation is induced by doxorubicin or vincristine in the absence or presence of(More)