Johannes Rolf Streffer

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To test whether antibodies against beta-amyloid are effective in slowing progression of Alzheimer's disease, we assessed cognitive functions in 30 patients who received a prime and a booster immunization of aggregated Abeta(42) over a 1 year period in a placebo-controlled, randomized trial. Twenty patients generated antibodies against beta-amyloid, as(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a devastating neurodegenerative disease that affects more than 15 million people worldwide. Within the next generation, these numbers will more than double. To assist in the elucidation of pathogenic mechanisms of AD and related disorders, such as frontotemporal dementia (FTDP-17), genetically modified mice, flies, fish and worms(More)
BACKGROUND CYP46, the gene encoding cholesterol 24-hydroxylase, plays a key role in the hydroxylation of cholesterol and thereby mediates its removal from brain. OBJECTIVE To study the association of polymorphic sites on CYP46 with Alzheimer disease (AD) traits and with the risk of the development of AD. DESIGN Alzheimer disease traits (beta-amyloid(More)
UNLABELLED 3-(6-Methyl-pyridin-2-ylethynyl)-cyclohex-2-enone-O-11C-methyl-oxime (11C-ABP688), a noncompetitive and highly selective antagonist for the metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGluR5), was evaluated for its potential as a PET agent. METHODS Six healthy male volunteers (mean age, 25 y; range, 21-33 y) were studied. Brain perfusion(More)
Increased formation of the beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) is a central event in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). High cellular cholesterol load promotes Abeta formation. The ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) mediates cholesterol efflux from cells. We hypothesized that genetic variability in ABCA1 may influence cholesterol metabolism in(More)
To characterize antibodies produced in humans in response to Abeta42 vaccination, we carried out immunohistochemical examinations of the brains of both transgenic mice and human patients with beta-amyloid pathology. We collected sera from patients with Alzheimer disease who received a primary injection of pre-aggregated Abeta42 followed by one booster(More)
Cyclooxygenases (COX, prostaglandin endoperoxide synthases, PGG/H synthases) are potent mediators of inflammation. While COX-1 is constitutively expressed in a wide range of tissues, COX-2 is cytokine inducible. Although COX-1 expression is observed in normal tissue, enhanced COX-2 expression has been attributed a key role in the development of edema,(More)
BACKGROUND The deposition of tau protein in neurofibrillary tangles constitutes an important feature of many neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease. A polymorphic gene, saitohin (STH), nested within the tau gene (microtubule associated protein tau, MAPT), was recently identified and an association of a non-synonymous polymorphism in STH(More)
UNLABELLED (11)C-ABP688 is a new PET ligand to assess the subtype 5 metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGlu(5)). The purpose of this study was to evaluate different methods for the analysis of human (11)C-ABP688 data acquired from 6 healthy, young volunteers. METHODS The methods were a 1-tissue-compartment model (K(1), k(2)''), a 2-tissue-compartment model(More)
Here, we report that nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) enhance the cytotoxic effects of doxorubicin and vincristine in T98G human malignant glioma cells. The cytotoxicity of BCNU, cisplatin, VM26, camptothecin, and cytarabine is unaffected by NSAID. No free radical formation is induced by doxorubicin or vincristine in the absence or presence of(More)