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PTK787/ZK 222584 (1-[4-chloroanilino]-4-[4-pyridylmethyl] phthalazine succinate) is a potent inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor tyrosine kinases, active in the submicromolar range. It also inhibits other class III kinases, such as the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor beta tyrosine kinase, c-Kit, and c-Fms, but at(More)
Activating mutations in the FLT3 tyrosine kinase (TK) occur in approximately 35% of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Therefore, targeting mutated FLT3 is an attractive therapeutic strategy, and early clinical trials testing FLT3 TK inhibitors (TKI) showed measurable clinical responses. Most of these responses were transient; however, in a subset(More)
PURPOSE Midostaurin (PKC412), a multitargeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor that targets FMS-related tyrosine kinase 3 and KIT, is in clinical trials for the treatment for acute myeloid leukemia and advanced systemic mastocytosis. In vitro studies showed that midostaurin is predominantly metabolized by cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) and that midostaurin inhibits(More)
An attractive target for therapeutic intervention is constitutively activated, mutant FLT3, which is expressed in a subpopulation of patients with acute myelocyic leukemia (AML) and is generally a poor prognostic indicator in patients under the age of 65 years. PKC412 is one of several mutant FLT3 inhibitors that is undergoing clinical testing, and which is(More)
Small molecule inhibitors that target fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3)-activating mutations have potential in the treatment of leukemias. However, certain mutations can simultaneously activate the tyrosine kinase, and confer resistance to small molecule inhibitors. We therefore tested the sensitivity of 8 FLT3 activation loop mutants to midostaurin. Each(More)
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