Johannes P. van Hooff

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Using echography, the diameter of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and its decrease on deep inspiration (collapse index) were evaluated in haemodialysis patients. The diameter of the IVC was expressed as an index to the body surface area (VCD) in mm/m2. Non-linear regression analysis in predicting mean right atrial pressure by VCD (mm/m2) and collapse index(More)
In a preliminary investigation an assay for tacrolimus based on fingerprick sampling and consecutive application as a blood spot on sampling paper has been developed. The dried blood spot was analysed by HPLC-tandem mass spectrometry. The validated range was 1-30 microg/l. Intra- and inter-assay variability for precision and accuracy was <7.5% and 15%,(More)
The long-term effects of tacrolimus and cyclosporine on pancreatic islet cell function in renal transplant recipients are unclear. Therefore, a prospective, randomized, longitudinal study was performed that compared glucose metabolism in adult kidney allograft recipients on tacrolimus versus cyclosporine-based immunosuppression. Twenty-three white renal(More)
BACKGROUND To confirm the results of a number of studies conducted in Europe, the United States, and Japan, this multicenter, randomized trial compared the 12-month efficacy and safety of tacrolimus- and cyclosporine-based immunosuppressive regimens in the prevention of renal allograft rejection. METHODS A total of 448 renal transplant recipients were(More)
BACKGROUND Supplementation of immunosuppressive therapy with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) has been found to reduce the rate of acute rejection in renal transplantation. We report a dose-finding study for MMF when administered in combination with low-dose tacrolimus and corticosteroid prophylaxis in cadaveric renal transplant recipients. METHODS Two hundred(More)
BACKGROUND A prolonged-release formulation of tacrolimus for once-daily administration (Tacrolimus QD) has been developed to offer potential improvements in patient adherence. This study compared the pharmacokinetics (PK) of tacrolimus in stable kidney transplant recipients before and after conversion from twice-daily tacrolimus (Tacrolimus BID) to(More)
Tacrolimus, an immunosuppressant used after organ transplantation, has a narrow therapeutic range and its pharmacokinetic variability complicates its daily dose assessment. P-glycoprotein (P-gp), encoded by the adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette B1 (ABCB1) and the cytochrome (CYP) 3A4 and 3A5 enzymes appears to play a role in the tacrolimus metabolism.(More)
Modern immunosuppressive regimens reduce the acute rejection rate by combining a cornerstone immunosuppressant like tacrolimus or cyclosporine with adjunctive agents like corticosteroids, mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) or azathioprine, often associated with untoward side effects. A 6-month randomized study was conducted in 47 European centers. Triple therapy(More)
The literature indicates that chronically ill patients have a remarkable capacity to adapt to their illness. For example, they will generally report a better quality of life (QoL) than individuals in the general population who are asked to imagine themselves as chronically ill and to rate their QoL. The present study further explores this phenomenon in type(More)