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Relative quantification methods have dominated the quantitative proteomics field. There is a need, however, to conduct absolute quantification studies to accurately model and understand the complex molecular biology that results in proteome variability among biological samples. A new method of absolute quantification of proteins is described. This method is(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODOLOGY Pancreatic beta cells show intercellular differences in their metabolic glucose sensitivity and associated activation of insulin production. To identify protein markers for these variations in functional glucose sensitivity, rat beta cell subpopulations were flow-sorted for their level of glucose-induced NAD(P)H and their(More)
Immobilized combinatorial peptide libraries have been advocated as a strategy for equalization of the dynamic range of a typical proteome. The technology has been applied predominantly to blood plasma and other biological fluids such as urine, but has not been used extensively to address the issue of dynamic range in tissue samples. Here, we have applied(More)
Gaucher disease is caused by inherited deficiency of lysosomal glucocerebrosidase. Proteome analysis of laser-dissected splenic Gaucher cells revealed increased amounts of glycoprotein nonmetastatic melanoma protein B (gpNMB). Plasma gpNMB was also elevated, correlating with chitotriosidase and CCL18, which are established markers for human Gaucher cells.(More)
An LC-MS-based approach is presented for the identification and quantification of proteins from unsequenced organisms. The method relies on the preservation of homology across species and the similarity in detection characteristics of proteomes in general. Species related proteomes share similarity that progresses from the amino acid frequency distribution(More)
PURPOSE To identify proteins and (molecular/biological) pathways associated with differences between benign and malignant epithelial ovarian tumors. EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES Serum of six patients with a serous adenocarcinoma of the ovary was collected before treatment, with a control group consisting of six matched patients with a serous cystadenoma. In(More)
BACKGROUND Quantitative proteomic analysis with mass spectrometry holds great promise for simultaneously quantifying proteins in various biosamples, such as human plasma. Thus far, studies addressing the reproducible measurement of endogenous protein concentrations in human plasma have focussed on targeted analyses employing isotopically labelled standards.(More)
Pathophysiological changes in polygenic diseases such as breast cancer are characterized by proteome signatures using novel mass spectrometry- based approaches which enable fast, robust, and sensitive identification and quantification of thousands of proteins in clinical samples. Sites of protein expression within the tissue of interest are determined by(More)
BACKGROUND The aggregation of the baker's yeast prion Sup35p is at the origin of the transmissible [PSI(+)] trait. We and others have shown that molecular chaperones modulate Sup35p aggregation. However, other protein classes might be involved in [PSI(+)] formation. RESULTS We designed a functional proteomic study that combines two techniques to identify(More)
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